The Anzick site : analysis of a Clovis burial assemblage Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/mw22v9109

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  • The Anzick Clovis assemblage was first discovered in the late 1960's near Livingston, Montana. More than 100 stone and bone artifacts were found in association with the remains of two subadults proven to be the earliest radiocarbon-dated human burial in North America. Although human remains are notoriously absent, similar artifact assemblages have been found in Utah, idaho, Washington State, and Colorado. These assemblages were recovered as descrete groups of artifacts with no evidence of associated habitation or economic activities. A number of hypotheses have been offered concerning the function or meaning of these assemblages despite the lack of a complete, detailed analysis of any of these assemblages. 1-lypotheses offered include projectile point "blueprint" of production, functional tools iii various stages of reduction cached for future use, tools made specifically for mortuary purpose, and tools meant to be heirlooms and handed down through generations. Each of these hypotheses presents behavioral implications that may be tested with different levels of analyses. Raw material, shape, technology, and usewear are addressed in the Anzick assemblage iii order to test each hypotheses. initial results of the analyses suggest that the Anzick assemblage is composed of a number of tool types that (1) were not produced specifically for mortuary purposes, (2) suggest relationships between raw material context and technological organization, and (3) were not intended to be recovered for future use. Furthermore, the artifacts appear to be functional tools reflecting a highly formalized toolkit. Similar contexts of the Anzick and other assemblages indicate a comparable function for all these assemblages.
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