Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

A study of the DNA excision repair capabilities of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) exposed to dietary cyclopropenoid fatty acids Public Deposited

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  • The DNA repair capabilities of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) were studied vising the method of autoradiography. Trout were fed a semi-purified control diet containing 0 ppm, 50 ppm, or 300 ppm cyclopropenoid fatty acids (CPFA) for 6-9 weeks. Liver slices were prepared and exposed in vitro to a control treatment, ultraviolet irradiation (UV), ethidium bromide (EB), UV/EB in succession, or aflatoxin B₁. The degree of DNA repair was analyzed in terms of net grains per cell. Except following the EB treatment, fish on the control diet revealed an absence of ongoing DNA repair. Trout fed 50 ppm CPFA exhibited a consistently low level of repair over time following the in vitro control treatment. Fish fed 300 ppm CPFA revealed a relatively higher degree of ³H-Me-thymidine incorporation indicative of induced DNA repair following the in vitro control treatment, and the degree of repair increased with time on the diet. UV-irradiation caused a marked increase in the degree of induced DNA repair in 300 ppm CPFA fish at 6 and 7.5 weeks, and in 50 ppm CPFA fish at 7.5 weeks. Follcwing UV-irradiation, liver slices were exposed to EB, a DNA intercalating agent used to inhibit normal DNA replication. However, in contrast to the desired effect, EB caused a marked decrease in the degree of repair synthesis observed in 300 ppm CPFA fish at 6 and 7.5 weeks. Indicative of intercalation, the in vitro EB treatment caused a moderate degree of ³H-Me-thymidine incorporation in fish fed the control diet. Repair was also induced in 300 ppm CPFA fish following exposure to EB at 6 and 7.5 weeks. Aflatoxin B₁ induced DNA repair to various degrees in fish on all diets at 7.5 and 9 weeks. In comparison to the in vitro control treatment, it was observed that the degree of induced DNA repair was decreased significantly - "completely" following the UV, UV/EB, and EB treatments - in fish fed the 300 ppm CPFA diet for 9 weeks. In view of the low level of DNA repair observed in rainbow trout using autoradiography, the repair capabilities were studied using a more sensitive assay, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) photolysis. Isolated hepatocytes were prepared from fish fed the various diets and exposed in vitro to a control treatment, UV-irradiation, or 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide. The obtained results were nonconclusive indicating technical improvements on the assay need to be made.
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