Substratum-aerated-biofilm reactor for treatment of carbonaceous and nitrogenous wastewaters Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/ng451m65f

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  • This study involves the development of a biofilm reactor that supports growth of a deep biofilm on a gas permeable membrane. The reactor solution is not aerated, and oxygen is supplied through the membrane. The reactor is termed a substratum-aerated-biofilm reactor or SAB. With adequate concentrations of electron-donors and electron-acceptors, a deep biofilm grows on the membrane and is comprised of different layers of bacterial activity. The aerobic layers are near the membrane support, while the anaerobic layers are near the biofilm-liquid boundary. In the SAB, the substrate diffuses from the bulk liquid into the biofilm to react. Oxygen diffuses through the membrane into the biofilm. All products likewise are transported by molecular diffusion through the biofilm and into the bulk liquid. The reactors consisted of a reactor wall made of a plexiglass cylinder with the gas permeable membrane supported on a shallow rotating cup. The cup was designed so that the cup and the membrane function as a flat plate. The flat plate was utilized for support of the biological growth, transfer of oxygen, and mixing of the bulk liquid and the gas phase. The experiments were conducted in completely mixed, continuous-flow reactors maintained at 25°C with a hydraulic detention of 8 hours. Pure oxygen was delivered to a gas compartment under the membrane. All reactors were fed a synthetic waste buffered to pH 7.0. The background solution for the feed solution was made from distilled water combined with adequate inorganic nutrients and vitamins. The background solution was supplemented with acetate and ammonia to obtain the desired substrate compositions. Combined nitrification and heterotrophic oxidation activity resulted when the SABs where fed 5 or 10 mg/1 acetate, and 10 mg-N/1 ammonia. Combined nitrification, heterotrophic oxidation, and denitrification resulted with acetate concentration of 20, 40, and 100 mg/1, and 10 mg- N/1 ammonia. Combined heterotrophic oxidation and fermentation resulted with acetate concentration of 800 mg/1, and 10 mg-N/1 ammonia. A series of mass balances were developed to determine the fate of the nitrogen compounds and acetate. These results showed that the flux values for carbon oxidation, nitrification, denitrification, and fermentation are higher than those reported for competing technologies such as rotating biological contactors.
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