|Abstract or Summary
- The primary purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of peer presence upon the health-related physical fitness test scores of college students. A total of 312 undergraduate college students, 156 males and 156 females, 18 through 29 years of age, randomly selected from the physical education activity lists at Oregon State University were used in this study. The subjects were divided equally into three groups and randomly assigned to one of the following methods of testing: method A coacting; method B, audience; and method C, individual. In the coacting group, four subjects of the same sex were tested at the same time. In the audience group, subjects were tested individually in
the presence of four peers, 2 males and 2 females. Subjects in the third group, method C, were tested alone without the presence of
an audience or co-actors. The dependent variables were three test items from American
Alliance for Health Physical Education Recreation and Dance, Health-Related Physical Fitness Test (1980). The test items included were: 1) the twelve-minute-run-and-walk test, as a measure of cardiovascular endurance, 2) sit-up test for 60 seconds, as a measure of muscular strength and muscular endurance, and 3) sit and reach test, as a measure of flexibility. A two by three analysis of variance fixed model was used as the statistical tool to test the null hypotheses.
An alpha level of .05 was established. The results of this study indicated that there was a significant difference between the male and female health-related physical fitness
test scores for college students. Male mean scores were greater than the female mean scores for the twelve-minute-run-and-walk test and the sit-up test; however, female mean scores were greater than the male mean scores for the sit and reach test. There was a significant difference among test methods for the twelve-minute-run-and-walk test and the sit-up test. The group mean scores for method A, co-acting, were greater than the mean scores for method B, audience, and the mean scores for method B, audience, were greater than the mean scores for method C, individual. No significant difference was found among test methods for the sit and reach test. The obtained F value of 2.60 was less than the tabular F value and the probability level of significance of .076
exceeded the established alpha level of .05.
There was no significant interaction between the sex of subjects and the levels of methods used to test the twelve-minute-run-and-walk
test and the sit and reach test. However, there was a significant ordinal interaction between the sex of subjects and the levels of
methods. The interaction was primarily related to test method C (individual).