Analysis of immune modulators in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/nk322h40t

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  • The immune systems of various teleost fish have been studied in some detail for the past several decades. One aspect of fish immunity, that of endogenously produced modulating factors, has recently received a great deal of attention. Understanding the functions and roles of endogenous factors that regulate fish immunity is paramount to expanding the fields of fish immunology and vaccinology. It is know that several lymphoid cell derived factors are detectable in in vitro cell culture systems and exhibit immune modulating effects similar to well studied proteins in mammals. However in comparison, few genes or gene products involved in the modulation of the trout immune responses have been isolated, cloned and characterized. The studies described herein were designed to isolate specific genes from rainbow trout (0ncorhynchus mykiss) and characterize their involvement in the modulation and regulation of the trout immune system. Two distinct genes were isolated cloned and sequenced. The first, non-specific cytotoxic cell enhancement factor (NCEF) gene is closely related to a human gene termed "natural killer enhancement factor" (NKEF) which is important in the modulation of human natural killer cell activity. The second gene is closely related to a group of recently characterized mammalian genes involved in the signal transduction of cytokines termed "STATs". The role of these genes and their respective protein products will be examined and discussed. The antigenic structures of the fish proteins (NCEF and STAT5) were examined by western blot and immunohistochemistry. Monoclonal antibodies derived against the respective human proteins were found to cross react with the corresponding trout proteins, demonstrating antigenic relatedness. The monoclonal regents were also used to analyze the expression of these proteins in fish cells of lymphoid and non lymphoid origin. In vitro cell culture analysis was used to determine the effects and roles of NCEF and STAT5 gene products in the trout immune system. The cytolytic and apoptotic killing activities of spleen, head kidney and peripheral blood leukocytes were found to be enhanced by NCEF. Mitogenic stimulation of peripheral blood lymphoid cells resulted in the trout STAT5 protein binding to a know sequences contained with in the promoters of genes transcriptionally activated in response to cytokine exposure.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-10-24T21:01:09Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MourichDanV1996.pdf: 5634354 bytes, checksum: 3b7bc27cc479f20e4d463000d4a1cf87 (MD5)

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