Effect of Zinc, Copper and Selenium supplementation on the humoral immune response of weaned beef steers Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/np193c45h

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  • Two studies were conducted to determine the effects of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) and/or selenium (Se) on the humoral immune response of weaned steers fed diets deficient in these minerals. Steers were bled weekly for eight weeks to measure plasma mineral levels. Humoral immune response was measured as antibody response to Keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) over seven weeks of the trials. Steers were injected with 0.5 ml KLH vaccine on weeks 2 and 5 of the Zn study. Ten steers (5 per treatment) were randomly assigned to either a Zn supplemented (z), 3.25 ml injectable zinc-oxide suspension (100 mg/ml oil) or a control (c) treatment. Plasma Zn was maintained at higher (P<.05) levels in supplemented steers from week 3 through week 8. Humoral immune response was not different (P>.10) between treatments. In 1988, 20 steers were stratified by weaning weight and randomly assigned to one of four treatments: 1) Injectable Se 1 ml Mu-Se/ 90.9 kg body weight, 2) Injectable Molycu 2 ml, 3) control, or 4) Se + Cu. Plasma Cu was higher (P<.05) in treatments 2 and 4 from week 2 through 8. Steers were injected with 0.5 ml of KLH vaccine on weeks 2 and 6. Immune response was not different (P>.10) between Cu supplemented steers and other treatments. Plasma Se was higher (P<.05) in treatment 1 as compared to 2 and 3, but not different (P>.10) from 4. Immune response was highest (P<.05) in treatment 1 with others not different(P>.10). In 1990, a second trial was conducted with 48 steers stratified by weight and randomly assigned to one of the same four treatments. Plasma Cu was higher (P<.05) on week 3 for both groups receiving Cu. Plasma Se was higher (P<.05) on weeks 2 through 5 for both groups receiving Se. Humoral immune response was higher (P<.05) on weeks 7 and 8 for both groups receiving Se. Humoral immune response was uneffected by Zn status of weaned beef steers. Selenium had a positive effect and Cu had no effect on humoral immune response of weaned beef steers. Copper also tended (P=.07) to reduce the positive response from Se.
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