The sociocultural environment, maternal employment status and Korean children's awareness of sex-trait stereotypes Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/np193c58k

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  • The awareness of sex-trait stereotypes among 120, eight-year-old children from intact families in both rural and urban areas in Korea were investigated. The rural sample included 20 boys and 20 girls attending the Damyang-Dong Primary School in Damyang-Eup, Korea. These subjects came primarily from farm families of the upper-lower and lower-middle classes. The urban sample included 40 boys and 40 girls attending the Bokwang Primary School in a residential area of Seoul, the capital city of Korea. These subjects came from families of the lower-middle and upper-middle classes. Twenty boys and 20 girls in the urban sample had mothers who were employed on a full-time basis outside of the home for one year or more. The remaining 20 boys and 20 girls had mothers who were not employed. The Sex Stereotype Measure II (SSM II) was translated into Korean and used to assess subjects' awareness of sex-trait stereotypes. Results revealed that eight-year-old Korean children were aware of the sex-trait stereotypes found in the SSM II. Their scores were comparable to the mean sex - trait stereotype scores of similar aged children in the United States, England, and Ireland. In addition, urban children were significantly more aware of the sex-trait stereotypes than rural children. No significant difference was found between the awareness of sex-trait stereotypes among children whose mothers were employed and those whose mothers were not employed. Children were significantly more aware of the male- than the female-trait stereotypes. Furthermore, while boys were significantly more aware of the male- than female-trait stereotypes, there was no significant difference between girls' awareness of these sex-trait stereotypes. Findings were discussed on the basis of previous theory and research.
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  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using Capture Perfect 3.0.82 on a Canon DR-9080C in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-09-11T17:26:04Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 LeeJaeY1980.pdf: 539946 bytes, checksum: faf9a2b043c7d0933ec82c370b4316b6 (MD5)
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