The effect of indoor aquatic activities on health patterns of the college student Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/np193d40b

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  • The major purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of indoor aquatic activities on the health patterns of the college student. Three groups of students were used in the investigation: the experimental group, comprised of students enrolled in aquatic activities, and two control groups, the first comprised of students enrolled in the physically active sports, and the second comprised of students enrolled in the inactive sports, commonly called leisure activities. Several hypotheses were examined to determine if there was (1) a difference in absenteeism between the groups, (2) a sex difference in absenteeism between the activities, (3) a difference in absenteeism between students using two separate pools, and (4) a psychological attitude difference between the groups as to how they perceived their health status. Procedure The study population consisted of 763 male and female students enrolled in the indoor physical education activities at Oregon State University during the winter and spring quarters of 1975. Each class was observed twice during each quarter and asked to participate in the study. Demographic data was obtained on the first visit, along with students' identification numbers. In the spring quarter, The California Psychological Inventory (CPI) Sense of Wellbeing (Wb) scale was administered to all students participating in the study. A second questionnaire was filled out if the student had been absent due to illness. This questionnaire included the reasons for being absent. The absence questionnaire was administered on the last visit. The demographic information and reasons for illness were tabulated and presented in tables. The absence scores and CPI Sense of Wellbeing scores were tabulated and subjected to one- and two-way analysis of variance fixed category designs. Findings 1. There was no significant difference in illness between the three groups of activities. 2. Females had a significantly higher rate of absenteeism than males. 3. Respiratory illness was the leading cause of absenteeism due to illness. 4. There was no significant difference between the three groups with respect to their perceived health status. Discussion of the findings include suggestions for study replications in outdoor aquatic activities, as well as a comparison between indoor and outdoor aquatic activities. Consideration is given to further study of health attitudes, especially between males and females. Implications indicate further study is required into behavioral aspects as a cause of environmental deficiencies before more stringent legal requirements are imposed.
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