Husbands' and wives' attitudes toward the therapeutic role Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/ns064841n

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  • The purposes of this study were to construct a Likert scale to measure the attitudes of husbands' and wives' toward the therapeutic role, and to identify the basic components underlying this role. A 32 item scale was developed from questionnaire data obtained through a systematic random sample of households in Corvallis, Oregon. Split-half reliability was found to be .94, as adjusted by the Spearman-Brown Prophecy Formula. Validity was not empirically established, however, some evidence is provided by comparison of scale scores with four independent items similar to questions used in previous research. The application of factor analysis to the scale produced significant loadings on ten factors. These factors were then organized into four categories: category A reflected husbands' and wives' considerateness, understanding, and appreciation for one's spouse; category B was named empathetic communication; category C was labeled avoidance or denial of potential problems; and category D concerned traditional family role orientation. Although the present study was exploratory, the results provide some support for the thesis that the therapeutic role is emerging. An overwhelming majority of the respondents reported that they utilized their spouse as the primary therapeutic resource, and that it was very important to them that their spouse was a friend and companion.
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