Single-level dynamic register caching architecture for high-performance superscalar processors Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/nz8063818

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  • The amount of instruction level parallelism (ILP) that can be exploited depends greatly on the size of the instruction window and the number of in-flight instructions the processor can support. However, this requires a register file with a large set of physical registers for renaming and multiple ports to provide register accesses to several instructions at once. The number of registers and ports a register file must contain will increase as the next generation wide-issue processors take advantage of more ILP, which will also increase its access time, area, and power dissipation. This paper proposes a method called Dynamic Register Caching, which uses a small, fast register cache along with a slow full register file in a single-level configuration, and splits the porting requirement between the two with each one capable of supplying values to FUs. This reduces the miss penalty found in previous multi-level schemes to just the access time of the full register file. The proposed method uses In-Cache bits and Register-port Select logic to keep track of operands in the register cache and the availability of free ports on both register files, and a simple instruction steering mechanism to determine which register file will supply values to instructions. This technique of dynamically steering instructions requires slightly more logic to implement, but incurs no additional delay and insures that load balance is a non-issue. Our study based on SimpleScalar microarchitecture simulation shows that the proposed scheme provides on average 15~22% improvement in IPC, 47~56% reduction in total area, and 23~49% reduction in power compared to a monolithic register file.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by John Liebert (liebertj@onid.orst.edu) on 2006-10-02T17:00:06Z No. of bitstreams: 1 JohnALiebert_Thesis.pdf: 322274 bytes, checksum: 855015bf970c8281e9cc612526f2284d (MD5)
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