- This study explores private and public campground markets in Oregon. A profile of
private and public campgrounds, their prices, location, and amenities, served as the supply
side statistics while responses from the 1997 Campground Questionnaire provided data
for demand of Oregon campgrounds. The questionnaire inquired about respondents' last
camping trip in Oregon, where they camped, how much they paid, the facilities available,
the activities in which they participated, socioeconomic attributes, and included a
dichotomous choice contingent valuation (CV) question.
These data were used to statistically analyze differences in the supply and demand
for the private and public campground sectors. First, the inventory was examined using
OLS to estimate the effects of campground amenities and location on user fees charged at
different campsite types at private, federal, and state campgrounds. Second, I used the
survey data (i.e., respondent profiles and campground attributes) to estimate substitution
probabilities among campsite type and campground ownership using a nonlinear
multinomial logit model. Questionnaire information was also utilized to test for market
segmentation and identify the user groups' characteristics. Finally, I utilized responses to
the CV question to determine the amount of consumer surplus for Oregon state parks.
The significant inventory results were as follows. The model predicted that tent
sites at state campgrounds are more expensive, on average than tent sites at private
campgrounds. National Forest campgrounds located in eastern Oregon, on average, are
less expensive than those at private and state campgrounds.
The survey statistical results predicted that users of tent sites appear to be the least
price sensitive, for both private and public markets. Recreational vehicle owners are more
price sensitive than tent owners in both the private and public markets. Furthermore, those
campers that choose a full hookup site are the most likely to use the OPRD reservation
The contingent valuation data revealed, through linear regression, that campers
would be willing to pay $44.71 more than they currently pay for a camping trip if the
payment were used to improve and maintain state parks.
This research is intended to contribute statistical reference for user fees and
general market information to the Oregon Parks and Recreation Department.