Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Relationship between creativity and independent or autonomous behavior among preschool-aged children Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/p2676z695

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  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between creativity and independent or autonomous behavior among preschoolaged children. Forty children, 19 boys and 21 girls, with a mean age of 4 years- 1 month, and a mean I.Q. of 113, acted as subjects for this study. All children came from families of the upper- and middle socioeconomic classes as determined by Hollingshead's "Two Factor Index of Social Position". Cooper's Incomplete Figures Task was used to assess subject's creativity, while Beller's Scale of Independence or Autonomy Among Children was used to assess their independent or autonomous behavior. Guilford's and Torrance's theoretical approaches to creativity were used as the theoretical framework. A regression analysis, using the variables of age, sex and I.O. as co-variates was used to test five null hypotheses. The .01 probability level was used as the criterion for statistical significance. In addition, further analyses using descriptive statistics and the tstatistic were applied to the data to determine the significance of the variables of age and sex in explaining the differences in creativity and independent or autonomous behavior among the subjects. Results obtained revealed significant positive relationships between preschool-aged children's total creativity scores (p < .01), the creativity subscales of originality (p < .01), fluency (p < .01) and elaboration (p < .01), and their independent or autonomous behavior. However, no significant relationship was found between preschool-aged children's penetration creativity scores and their independent or autonomous behavior. In addition, the variables of age, sex and I.Q. were not significant in explaining the relationship between creativity and independent or autonomous behavior among the subjects. However, further analysis of the data indicated interesting trends in age and sex differences on the creativity subscale scores of penetration and independent or autonomous behavior among the subjects, respectively. Subjects in the youngest age group (3 years to 3 years-6 months) tended to show more variation in their penetration creativity scores than other older age groups. Also, girls tended to have higher independent or autonomous behavior scores than boys (p < .08). Generally, the results obtained supported Guilford's and Torrance's theoretical approaches to creativity. In addition, tendencies in the data suggested that the variables of age and sex be studied or controlled for in future studies in this area. Due to the limitations encountered relative to the instruments used, sample employed and a variety of variables left uncontrolled, a note of caution was indicated in interpreting the results obtained.
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