|Abstract or Summary
- The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between
creativity and independent or autonomous behavior among preschoolaged
Forty children, 19 boys and 21 girls, with a mean age of 4 years-
1 month, and a mean I.Q. of 113, acted as subjects for this study. All
children came from families of the upper- and middle socioeconomic classes
as determined by Hollingshead's "Two Factor Index of Social Position".
Cooper's Incomplete Figures Task was used to assess subject's
creativity, while Beller's Scale of Independence or Autonomy Among
Children was used to assess their independent or autonomous behavior.
Guilford's and Torrance's theoretical approaches to creativity were
used as the theoretical framework.
A regression analysis, using the variables of age, sex and I.O.
as co-variates was used to test five null hypotheses. The .01 probability
level was used as the criterion for statistical significance.
In addition, further analyses using descriptive statistics and the tstatistic
were applied to the data to determine the significance of
the variables of age and sex in explaining the differences in creativity
and independent or autonomous behavior among the subjects.
Results obtained revealed significant positive relationships between
preschool-aged children's total creativity scores (p < .01), the
creativity subscales of originality (p < .01), fluency (p < .01) and
elaboration (p < .01), and their independent or autonomous behavior.
However, no significant relationship was found between preschool-aged
children's penetration creativity scores and their independent or
autonomous behavior. In addition, the variables of age, sex and I.Q.
were not significant in explaining the relationship between creativity
and independent or autonomous behavior among the subjects. However,
further analysis of the data indicated interesting trends in age and
sex differences on the creativity subscale scores of penetration and
independent or autonomous behavior among the subjects, respectively.
Subjects in the youngest age group (3 years to 3 years-6 months) tended
to show more variation in their penetration creativity scores than
other older age groups. Also, girls tended to have higher independent
or autonomous behavior scores than boys (p < .08).
Generally, the results obtained supported Guilford's and Torrance's
theoretical approaches to creativity. In addition, tendencies in the
data suggested that the variables of age and sex be studied or controlled
for in future studies in this area. Due to the limitations encountered
relative to the instruments used, sample employed and a
variety of variables left uncontrolled, a note of caution was indicated
in interpreting the results obtained.