|Abstract or Summary
- One of the most explosive social forces of modern-day society
is the phenomenon of urban intrusion into predominantly rural areas.
The recentness of this "explosion" has not yet allowed for a crystallization
of conceptual clearity as to just where this sector or
zone, which has come to be known as the rural-ruban fringe, belongs
in regards to its place on the rural-urban continuum. Nor
has there evolved from past fringe studies a delineation procedure
which might fix the boundaries of the fringe area to such a degree
that they would correspond even roughly with definitions of the
The purpose of this study is twofold. First, it will review
literature concerning theoretical and descriptive work on conceptualization
and delineation of the fringe. And secondly, a case
study of the Corvallis, Oregon rural-urban fringe will be made in
an attempt to better arrive at a meaningful conceptualization of the
fringe through delineation by land use.
Much literature concerning rural zoning and land use outside
the political city limits preceded the use of the "rural-urban fringe"
concept. The focus of these earlier studies, however, seemed to
have been concerned with what has been referred to as the "subdivision
belt", an area comprising only a small portion of the fringe.
In 1940 the first use of the term "rural-urban fringe" was
made. Numerous fringe studies were to follow, with each researcher
attempting to crystallize his own concept. While most
researchers were agreeing on essentially the same area as comprising
the fringe in concept, it was apparent that the actual delineation
of the fringe was resulting in the inclusion of quite different
areas. The difference here, however, was more a result of
methodology than of conceptualization.
In an attempt to arrive at what was felt to be a representative
view of past studies, the Corvallis fringe was taken as a case
study. A conceptualization of the fringe was gained in part from
past literature of the fringe, and from experience gained in actual
Working on the basis of having established a strong general
concept of the fringe through knowledge of the past growth and
economy of Corvallis, and aware of the inherent qualities of the fringe, a delineation involving inspection and reconnaissance, and
based on land use was made.
In view of past research of the rural-urban fringe it is felt
that the concept and methodology involved in delineating the Corvallis
rural-urban fringe comes as close in approaching what is considered
the true fringe area as any previous methods applied.