The Corvallis, Oregon, rural-urban fringe : conceptualization, delineation, and land use Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/pc289m37p

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  • One of the most explosive social forces of modern-day society is the phenomenon of urban intrusion into predominantly rural areas. The recentness of this "explosion" has not yet allowed for a crystallization of conceptual clearity as to just where this sector or zone, which has come to be known as the rural-ruban fringe, belongs in regards to its place on the rural-urban continuum. Nor has there evolved from past fringe studies a delineation procedure which might fix the boundaries of the fringe area to such a degree that they would correspond even roughly with definitions of the rural-urban fringe. The purpose of this study is twofold. First, it will review literature concerning theoretical and descriptive work on conceptualization and delineation of the fringe. And secondly, a case study of the Corvallis, Oregon rural-urban fringe will be made in an attempt to better arrive at a meaningful conceptualization of the fringe through delineation by land use. Much literature concerning rural zoning and land use outside the political city limits preceded the use of the "rural-urban fringe" concept. The focus of these earlier studies, however, seemed to have been concerned with what has been referred to as the "subdivision belt", an area comprising only a small portion of the fringe. In 1940 the first use of the term "rural-urban fringe" was made. Numerous fringe studies were to follow, with each researcher attempting to crystallize his own concept. While most researchers were agreeing on essentially the same area as comprising the fringe in concept, it was apparent that the actual delineation of the fringe was resulting in the inclusion of quite different areas. The difference here, however, was more a result of methodology than of conceptualization. In an attempt to arrive at what was felt to be a representative view of past studies, the Corvallis fringe was taken as a case study. A conceptualization of the fringe was gained in part from past literature of the fringe, and from experience gained in actual field inspection. Working on the basis of having established a strong general concept of the fringe through knowledge of the past growth and economy of Corvallis, and aware of the inherent qualities of the fringe, a delineation involving inspection and reconnaissance, and based on land use was made. In view of past research of the rural-urban fringe it is felt that the concept and methodology involved in delineating the Corvallis rural-urban fringe comes as close in approaching what is considered the true fringe area as any previous methods applied.
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