Structure of the Royal Anne cherry cuticule with special reference to cuticular penetration Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/pg15bj527

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  • The structure of the Royal Anne cherry cuticle (Prunus avium L.) and its penetration by a SO₂-calcium bisulfite brine was determined. The structural features of the cuticle are interpreted in the light of its possible significant to cuticular penetration. The morphology of the cuticle was determined by standard histological and histochemical techniques. The surface structure of the cuticle was studied with a scanning electron microscope. Enzymatically isolated cuticles were used to evaluate the effect of the cuticle on the penetration of the various components of brine. The surface of the cuticle was found to have a smooth to granular sheet or layer of surface wax which when removed revealed a porous sponge-like surface. The surface wax was found to be intermittently birefringent which increased as the fruit matured. Ectodesmata (MP) were found to occur over anticlinal walls and in guard cells on both sides of the fruit with more on the side opposite the suture. Both sides, were stomatous with more occurring on the suture side. Secondary bleaching was found to alter the structure and permeability of the cuticle. Removing the wax was found to increase percent weight loss as well as increasing cuticular penetration. Ion penetration was found to be generally greater from the outside to the inside than the inside to the outside surface and was greater from the side opposite the suture than the suture side. Potassium from potassium bitartrate was found to penetrate rapidly while SO₂, Ca⁺⁺, and H⁺ were delayed. It was concluded from this study that calcium penetration entered by a different route than SO₂; the major penetrating species of SOp in water and brine would seem to be molecular SCX and bisulfite ion; stomatal pores were not the sites of entry; ectodesmata were probably the sites for polar entry; the guard cells were more important for potassium penetration while ectodesmata in astomatous regions were more important for SO₂ penetration; and one of the major factors involved in penetration of brine is the waxy layer on the cuticle. Causes, preventative measures and recommendations for the structural defect known as "solution pockets" are discussed in light of the structure and penetration data.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-01-23T22:49:46Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 WILSONLESTER1972.pdf: 2739889 bytes, checksum: 259020ea5e341391449e3433f422f68a (MD5)
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