|Abstract or Summary
- The purpose of this study was to determine a student's attitudes toward
business, his level of occupational aspiration, and the degree of correlation
between them. Two questionnaires were used: Student Attitudes Toward Business
and Level of Occupational Aspiration.
The business attitude questionnaire elicited student reactions to 87
business-related statements. The occupational aspiration questionnaire sought
biographical information and responses pertaining to a student's idealistic shortrange,
idealistic long-range, realistic short-range, and realistic long-range
This study found that senior high school students' attitudes toward
business were not significantly correlated with their level of occupational aspiration
when compared by sex and intelligence. However, significant differences
were found when student attitudes were correlated with level of occupational
aspiration by high school (socioeconomic area) and by high school pattern
(academic, business, and general education). Students coming from a high
socioeconomic area and attending a high school in a high socioeconomic area
scored significantly higher on the business attitude questionnaire than did the
other two groups. Students enrolled in an academic pattern (college or university
preparatory) scored significantly higher on the business attitude questionnaire
than did business education students. Business and general education
students' scores were not significantly different.
Senior high school academic students' levels of occupational aspiration
were significantly higher than those of business and general education students.
However, the occupational aspirations of students in the business educa-pattern
were not significantly higher than those of general education students.
This study found a significant correlation between a senior high
school students's concept of self (the strength of his feelings about his ability,
chances of getting ahead, value of education and educational aspirations) and
his level of occupational aspiration. A student's concept of self and attitudes
toward business scores were not significantly correlated.
Senior high school students' scholastic achievement (grade 11 scholastic
average) was found to be significantly correlated with their levels of occupational
aspiration. Their attitudes toward business scores, meanwhile, were not
significantly correlated with their level of occupational aspiration at any of the
four levels of intelligence (IQ). Nor was there a significant correlation between
student attitudes toward business and scholastic achievement.
Twenty-eight per cent of the students tested indicated that their
parents were the greatest single influence on their educational aspirations and
43 per cent indicated that they made their own educational decisions. Academic students did, however, cite their parents as being the most influential factor
significantly more often than did non-academic students. Over 60 per cent of
the students reported that they made their own occupational decisions, while 10
per cent regarded their parents as being the greatest single influence on their
occupational decisions. Academic students reported that their parents were
more instrumental in their decisions than did non-academic students.
Six per cent of the academic students and 25 per cent of the business
and general education students felt that circumstances such as grades, attendance
record, and interests were responsible for their choice of a high school educational
Thirty per cent of the business education students reported that the
most important consideration in their choice of an occupation was money, while
20 per cent of the academic and general education students chose money as the
most important consideration.
On the average, the educational aspiration of the group tested was
slightly higher than a baccalaureate degree; the educational aspiration of the
academic group was significantly higher than that of the other two groups. The
realistic long-range occupational aspirations of the group were significantly
higher than their short-range realistic aspirations, and their long-range
idealistic occupational aspirations were significantly higher than their short-range
idealistic occupational aspirations.