Calibration of crop water use with the Penman equation under United Arab Emirates conditions Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/pk02cd685

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  • Water shortage is one of the biggest problems facing agricultural development in the United Arab Emirates, because of the extremely arid climate and the large amount of irrigation water that is used for crops. Prediction of crop water requirements is essential to solve water management problems in this country. Two versions of the Penman equation, FAO and Wright, were used to estimate reference crop evapotranspiration from meteorological data for three regions in the U. A. E.; Northern, Central, and Eastern. Lysimeter measurements at the Northern region were provided for five crops; tomato for one season; cabbage, cucumber, and squash each for two seasons; and watermelon for three seasons. Crop evapotranspiration was estimated for these crops and related to measured crop evapotranspiration. It was found that there is great variation in measured crop evapotranspiration between seasons for individual crops, due to technical problems with the lysimeter. Combined seasons were used to calibrate the Penman equation, and the results indicated that the calibration improved the estimated crop evapotranspiration. Calibration coefficients for individual crops and for individual methods were calculated. Reference crop evapotranspiration (Etr) value for the three regions were correlated. A high correlation of estimated Etr among the three regions was found. Coefficients were developed to predict Etr at the Central and Eastern regions from the Etr at the Northern region.
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