Force and impulse control for spring-mass running Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/pn89d936c

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  • We present a novel control strategy for running which is robust to disturbances, and makes excellent use of passive dynamics for energy economy. The motivation for our control strategy is based on observations of animals, which are able to economically walk and run over varying terrain and ground dynamics. It is well-known that steady-state animal running can be approximated by spring-mass models, but these passive dynamic models describe only steady-state running and are sensitive to disturbances that animals can accommodate. While animals rely on their passive dynamics for energy economy, they also incorporate active control for disturbance rejection. The same approach can be used for spring-mass walking and running, but an active controller is needed that interferes minimally with the passive dynamics of the system. We demonstrate, in simulation, how force control combined with a leg spring stiffness tuned for the desired hopping frequency provides robustness to disturbances on a model for robot hopping, while maintaining the energy economy of a completely passive system during steady-state operation. Our strategy is promising for robotics applications, because there is a clear distinction between the passive dynamic behavior of the model and the active controller, it does not require sensing of the environment, and it is based on a sound theoretical background that is compatible with existing high-level controllers for ideal spring-mass models.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Devin Koepl (koepld@onid.orst.edu) on 2012-01-06T05:06:36Z No. of bitstreams: 1 KoeplDevinN2011.pdf: 5751759 bytes, checksum: 16aaf6f65a162fb361823b05135b0896 (MD5)
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