Factors associated with the social climate of single-sex and coeducational residence halls, cooperatives, fraternities, and sororities, on the Oregon State University campus Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/pr76f611r

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  • The purpose of this research was to examine factors associated with the social climate of single-sex and coeducational residence halls, fraternities, sororities, and cooperatives on the Oregon State University campus. The primary sources of data for this study were student responses to the ten subscales of the URES Form R, as well as responses to a set of locally developed questions which accompanied the URES and which provided data on ordinal position of birth, family size, dating frequency, and extracurricular activity. In addition, living group mean scores for SAT-V, SAT-M, high school and college grade point averages were obtained from appropriate student records. Participants in the study were students living on randomly selected floors in physically similar residence halls, and in randomly selected fraternities, sororities, and cooperatives. A total of 1016 students completed the URES and the related questionnaire near the end of January, 1975. The data were analyzed through the use of analysis of variance, the Least Significant Difference test, the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient, and the chi-square test of independence. Statistical comparisons were made to determine if differences existed between: (1) each of the ten URES Form R subscale mean scores of all living group types involved in the study; (2) scholastic aptitude and academic achievement of students who resided in single-sex residence halls; (3) a selected aspect of the living group environment, as measured by a subscale mean score, and corresponding measures of student social and academic activity; and (4) ordinal position of birth and living group type selected. Observed differences were accepted as significant when p ≤ .05. The follow ing selected conclusions were drawn from the results of the study: 1. Students residing in coeducational residence halls scored significantly higher on the Intellectuality subscale than students who resided in single-sex halls, but there were no significant differences between the two living group-type mean scores on any of the remaining nine subscales. 2. Students residing in Greek living groups scored significantly higher than students who resided in cooperatives on the Involvement, Emotional Support, Traditional Social Orientation, Intellectuality, and Order and Organization subscales, and significantly lower on the Independence subscale. 3. Male students involved in the study scored significantly higher than females on the Independence and Innovation subscales, and significantly lower on the Emotional Support, Traditional Social Orientation, and Order and Organization subscales. 4. Students who resided in small living groups (fraternities, sororities, and cooperatives) scored significantly higher than students who resided in the larger living groups (coeducational and single-sex residence halls) on the Involvement, Emotional Support, Intellectuality, Order and Organization, and Student Influence subscales, and significantly lower on the Independence subscale. 5. No significant relationship existed between the Academic Achievement subscale mean scores and fall 1974 and winter 1975 college grade point averages of the students who resided on the 12 residence hall floors involved in the study. 6. A significant relationship existed between the Involvement subscale mean score and the degree of actual participation in the internal affairs of all living group types except sororities and female cooperatives. 7. A significant relationship existed between the Traditional Social Orientation subscale mean score and the frequency of dating activity which occurred for students in single-sex male residence hall floors, fraternities, and female cooperatives. 8. A significant relationship existed between the Traditional Social Orientation subscale mean score and the frequency of internal, informal dating which occurred in the three female coeducational residence hall floors included in the study. 9. A significant relationship existed between the Traditional Social Orientation subscale mean score and the frequency of external, formal dating which occurred in the three male coeducational residence hall floors included in the study.
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