Meiotic chromosome behavior in two tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) genotypes and their sterile hybrid Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/pr76f658n

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • Two diverse genotypes of tall fescue, Festuca arundinacea Schreb (6X=42), with normal fertility, produced upon intercrossing, vigorous F ₁ hybrid plants that were sterile. One parent genotype (P₁) was from P. I. 234-906, introduced from Switzerland and the other (P₉) was an introduction from Turkey, P. I. 174-209. P₁ and P₉ differ in anthesis date by 30 days. Both parents and F ₁ genotypes were observed to have normal meiotic behavior, but the F ₁ plants did not shed pollen because of failure in microspore mitosis. The meiotic process was similar in the parental and hybrid genotypes. The average number of bivalents per microsporocyte was 20.70, 20,44 and 20.13 for P₁, P₉ and the hybrid respectively. Limited abnormal chromosome behavior was observed in both parental and hybrid genotypes. They were expressed as univalents, pseudobivalents, occasional multivalents and fragments at diakinesis. Chromosome stickiness was observed at metaphase-I in all genotypes. The frequency of univalents per microsporocyte was 0.16, 0.27 and 0.59; while the frequency of multivalents was 0.04, 0. 08 and 0.10 for P₁, P₉ and the hybrid respectively. Laggards at anaphase I and II, and micronuclei at the telophase I and quartet stage were observed. Spontaneous chromosome breakage occurring in early prophase was believed to have resulted in the observed fragments at diakinesis. The diakinesis fragments and univalents were the probable origin of the anaphase laggards and subsequent micronuclei in the quartets. Pollen fertility in the parental genotypes was measured using pollen germination in vitro followed by staining with propioniccarmine. There was no significant difference between the average of percent of pollen classified as sound by this method, and the average percentage of quartet groups with no micronuclei, which is an indicator of pollen normality. The hybrid genotypes exhibited normal anthesis, with well formed anthers, however they failed to dehisce and produce normal pollen. Free normal microsporocytes were produced following the quartet stage in the hybrid, but they remained uninucleated and thus degenerated to shriveled pollen. The pistil in the hybrid appeared normal and limited evidence suggests they are fertile. Abnormalities in chromosome behavior which lead to the loss of genetic material as micronuclei in the microsporocyte, can explain the percentage of abnormal pollen observed in the parental genotypes, but not in the hybrid. Only 30% pollen sterility was expected in the hybrid, however complete sterility was observed. Seventy percent of the quartet groups were normal but failed to develop into normal pollen. Factors, other than chromosome abnormalities, acting in the microsporogenesis process are believed to be causing the sterility found in the hybrid. A possible male-sterile hybrid due to geneticcytoplasmic interaction which is expressed at the mitotic division of the microspores is postulated.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 8-bit Grayscale) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Madison Medley (mmscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2013-10-18T21:36:12Z No. of bitstreams: 1 VasquezRaulM1978.pdf: 6498741 bytes, checksum: 1edd48eb27e1bbb373e1cce902b3d96e (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-10-29T19:23:30Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 VasquezRaulM1978.pdf: 6498741 bytes, checksum: 1edd48eb27e1bbb373e1cce902b3d96e (MD5) Previous issue date: 1977-10-20
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-10-21T18:16:20Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 VasquezRaulM1978.pdf: 6498741 bytes, checksum: 1edd48eb27e1bbb373e1cce902b3d96e (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Kirsten Clark(kcscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2013-10-29T19:23:30Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 VasquezRaulM1978.pdf: 6498741 bytes, checksum: 1edd48eb27e1bbb373e1cce902b3d96e (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 08/17/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items