- This study investigated various aspects of coaching preparation
at the undergraduate level to determine where coaches are being trained
to enter the coaching profession as well as to determine where active
coaches were trained in the competencies deemed necessary for an
individual to be a success in the coaching profession. Coaching
versatility for employment purposes was also surveyed.
Data for the investigation was obtained by use of a criterion
instrument prepared by investigator.
Responses from the survey were categorized into two groups. One
group was composed of responses from the institutions of higher
education in Oregon and Washington. The second group was composed of
responses of a selected group of coaches in the two states. This
group was divided according to classification of schools by enrollment
and also by sex of coaches.
The information obtained from the data leads to the conclusion
that there is a need for coaching preparation programs. Analysis of
data indicated that only forty-four percent of the surveyed institutions
offered such a program, while eighty-two percent indicated a
Data analysis on the four concerns under investigation lead to
the following conclusions. Colleges and universities offering coaching preparation programs include Speech, Anatomy, Kinesiology,
Physiology of Exercise, First Aid, Athletic Training and Conditioning,
Care and Prevention of Athletic Injuries, and coaching classes in
football, basketball, baseball, track and field, and volleyball.
Coaches felt that the following courses are essential in the
programs for the preparation of coaches: First Aid and Safety,
Athletic Training and Conditioning, Anatomy, Physiology of Exercise,
Officiating of Sports, Kinesiology, Psychology of Sport with coaching
classes in basketball, baseball, track and field, football and
wrestling for men. Classes in the coaching area for women should
include basketball, track and field, gymnastics, tennis and volleyball.
Data analysis leads to the conclusion that there is agreement
between the two groups surveyed in relation to what is presently
being offered and what coaches feel is essential in coaching preparation
Respondents were in agreement where they obtained the competencies
deemed necessary for successful coaching experience
determined by the Paldanius study. Additionally, only twenty-seven
percent of the competencies receiving a majority of the responses
were obtained through course work.
Since a need is evident from the above information, it is also
a conclusion that universities and colleges should become aware of
competencies that were determined as essential for successful experiences.
Based on these competencies, universities and colleges need
to establish at least minimum competency levels in these areas.