Parental attitudes, home environment, and the cognitive ability of Korean kindergarten children Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/q524js36q

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  • This study examined the relationships among authoritarian parental attitudes, home environments, parental attitudes toward the children's freedom, and the cognitive performances of kindergarten children. Socioeconomic status of the family and sex of child and parent differences were also examined. Subjects consisted of 73 pairs of Korean parents and their children. There were 42 boys and 31 girls ranging in age from four to six years. The Authoritarian Family Ideology, the Cognitive Home Environment Scale, and the Attitude Toward the Freedom of Children—Scale II were used for the parental measurements. To assess children's cognitive ability, the Kodae-Binet Intelligence Test for Korean Children was administered. Data were analyzed using Peason Product Moment correlations, analysis of variance, and multiple regression analysis. Findings obtained appeared that father's authoritarian attitudes were negatively related to children's cognitive abilities. However, the hypothesis of a negative correlation between authoritarian maternal attitudes and intellectual ability was not confirmed. It was also found that the characteristics of home environments were highly related to children's intellectual performances, and that mother's cognitive home environment scores accounted for 13 percent of the variation in I.Q. scores. The findings of this study did not reveal a significant negative relationship between authoritarian parental perceptions of children's freedom and children's intellectual test performances. In addition, there was a trend of a significant relationship between the family's socioeconomic status and I.Q. scores. Further, this study revealed important sex differences in both child and parent. While boy's cognitive ability was predicted by the paternal authoritarian attitudes, girl's ability was predicted by three of the mother's variables; maternal authoritarian attitudes, mother's perceptions of children's freedom, and mother's cognitive home environments. Finally, the relationship between parental attitudinal differences and their children's cognitive performance was investigated in this study. It was found that parents of higher attitudinal differences had children with higher I.Q. scores.
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  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-07-16T20:40:00Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 ChoBokhee1986.pdf: 624750 bytes, checksum: 091d85ff2e6bee1b1a3ff0b84d44487e (MD5)
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