The provenance and trace element signatures of MORB anorthitic plagioclase Public Deposited

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  • In an attempt to understand the phase equilibria and petrogenesis of MORB anorthitic plagioclase, Cr-spinel commonly hosted within anorthitic plagioclase has been investigated petrographically and compositionally. Based on spinel-anorthite relationships from three samples of plagioclase ultra-phyric basalt (PUB; Southeast Indian Ridge, Axial Seamount and West Valley Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge) our work finds that Cr-spinel hosted within anorthitic megacrysts consistently exhibit rounded, partially dissolved morphologies. In addition, spinel included in anorthitic plagioclase are often accompanied by melt in a composite 2 phase inclusion. Cr-spinel compositionally exhibits collinear negative correlations in Mg# (Mg/Mg+Fe; 0.6-0.73) and Cr# (Cr/Cr+Al; 0.2-0.6), and positive correlations of Cr# and Fe³⁺# (Fe³⁺/ Fe³⁺+Cr+Al; <0.1) with TiO₂ wt% (0.3-0.8). Additionally, all spinel appear to exhibit mantle affinity (Fe³⁺#<0.1; Barnes and Roedder, 2001). Based on historical interpretations of Cr-spinel (Dick and Bullen, 1984), we conclude that Cr-spinel hosted within MORB anorthitic plagioclase preserve melt-mantle reaction signatures. Such reactions, potentially forming dunite, result when ascending low-a[subscript silica] primitive melts interact and consume upper mantle silicates (i.e. clinopyroxene), and include Cr,Al-rich spinel. Thus, both Al and Ca are released into the derivative melt stabilizing anorthitic plagioclase. Given that olivine has never been found in contact with plagioclase >An₈₆, we propose that anorthitic plagioclase precipitates from the derivative liquid prior to olivine. Recently, studies have used the trace element signatures of MORB anorthitic plagioclase as probes of early differentiation processes beneath MOR (Adams et al., 2011; Weinsteiger et al., in review). However, these studies have outlined the need to decipher the geochemical signals of individual anorthitic plagioclase so that population trends may be interpreted. In response, this thesis also reports detailed trace element profiles of individual anorthitic plagioclase crystals and population trends from two samples of PUB (Southeast Indian Ridge [SEIR] sample, Axial Seamount sample). Profiles can be categorized as dominantly stochastic since correlations between trace elements and trace and major elements are largely not found; potentially precluding a role for diffusive re-equilibration. We propose that trace element heterogeneities found within individual crystals reflect the degree of trace element variability present within upper mantle and lower crust conduits. However, by observing population data specific processes may be seen. Similarities in Axial Seamount plagioclase trace elements suggest a relatively uniform source that was evolving largely as a result of plagioclase only fractionation. In contrast, the array of trace element concentrations of SEIR plagioclase positively correlates with major element variations. This suggests a complex process of melt aggregation of increasing percent melts concurrently with anorthitic plagioclase precipitation. Further process related signatures can be derived by viewing plots combining trace and major elements from both samples. In this format, each samples data suggest that similar large scale processes occur in conduits within the upper mantle where these anorthite populations' form. Although plagioclase only fractionation appears to frame the trend, the correlation is diffuse and potentially reflects additional magmatic processes (i.e. AFC, % melt, and melt aggregation). Calculated equilibrium liquids based on Axial Seamount and SEIR plagioclase are considerably depleted relative to their host glass and natural glasses documented to occur near the sampled site. The differentiation processes linking these melt compositions is currently unknown.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-12-18T20:00:39Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 21091 bytes, checksum: 6b700a38fb61133bb71e5cac54dd59be (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) BurleighAndrewW2012.pdf: 11847952 bytes, checksum: 4be8f70e2666d11a002fd41429cf35ec (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-12-18T21:43:33Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 21091 bytes, checksum: 6b700a38fb61133bb71e5cac54dd59be (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) BurleighAndrewW2012.pdf: 11847952 bytes, checksum: 4be8f70e2666d11a002fd41429cf35ec (MD5) Previous issue date: 2012-12-12
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Laura Wilson(laura.wilson@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-12-18T21:43:32Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 21091 bytes, checksum: 6b700a38fb61133bb71e5cac54dd59be (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) BurleighAndrewW2012.pdf: 11847952 bytes, checksum: 4be8f70e2666d11a002fd41429cf35ec (MD5)

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