Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Single nucleotide polymorphism diversity in domesticated and wild sunflowers Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/q811kn923

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  • Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most common DNA polymorphisms in plant and animal genomes. SNPs were identified in the allele sequences of up to 12 sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) genotypes for a genome-wide sample of 81 loci originally mapped using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers. The RFLP loci anchor a dense RFLP linkage map and second-generation linkage maps constructed using simple sequence repeats and other high-throughput DNA markers. The goal of this study was to develop high-throughput SNP markers for the cDNA-RFLP loci for linkage mapping, diversity analysis, and molecular breeding and genomics research. The specific objectives were to: (i) develop FP-TDI or fluorescent primer-extension SNP assays for the cDNA-RFLP loci; (ii) validate the SNP markers by screening 12 sequenced (reference) genotypes; and (iii) assess the utility and polymorphism rate of the SNP markers across a genetically diverse panel of unsequenced wild and domesticated sunflower genotypes. SNP markers were successfully developed for 44 of the targeted 49 cDNA-RFLP loci. Thirty-one of the SNP markers were further selected for a diversity analysis across a genetically diverse panel of wild and domesticated sunflower genotypes. The mean heterozygosity (H) score for the loci was 0.41, which nears the maximum H score of 0.5 for biallelic markers. SNPs in this study exhibited polymorphism rates close to those of RFLP and SSR markers in inbred sunflower lines.
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