Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Single-molecule in vitro Characterization of Otoferlin Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/qn59q8508

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  • Congenital hearing loss is a common disorder and over 60 mutations in the sensory hair cell protein, otoferlin, have been linked to pre-lingual deafness. Although otoferlin is essential for hearing, the large size and low solubility of the protein have limited approaches to study its function on a molecular-level. To overcome these challenges, we have developed single-molecule fluorescence assays which have allowed us to quantitatively probe otoferlin function. Based upon our findings, we have shown that otoferlin acts as a calcium-sensitive scaffold for other membrane-fusion proteins at the plasma membrane. The ability to localize fusion proteins at the site of calcium-influx would reduce synaptic delay and allow for rapid neurotransmitter release in response to a sound stimulus. Second, we have directly shown that otoferlin inserts into lipid-bilayers. This finding is significant because insertion into the membrane bilayer has been demonstrated to be a crucial step for mediating the fusion of synaptic vesicles to the plasma membrane.
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  • Ongoing Research
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  • 2018-01-08 to 2019-02-08

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