|Abstract or Summary
- This investigation was concerned with the work values of tenth
grade girls and their relationship to the girls' aspirations and expectations
for future education and marriage-career roles.
The instrument employed for the value measurement was the
Work Values Inventory of Super (1968). An original questionnaire was
developed by the researcher to determine the subject's age, her
aspirations and expectations, and the occupational status of both
parents. Nine authorities composing a committee of judges reviewed
the questionnaire for its technical aspects and passed upon the ability
of this age group to understand the questions as worded.
The Work Values Inventory and questionnaire then were pretested.
After some revision of the questionnaire, both instruments
were administered to 503 tenth grade girls within five randomly
selected Oregon high schools. Usable responses were provided by
The conclusions that may be drawn from the descriptive and
statistical treatment of the data are as follows:
1. Consistent with Super's (1970) report, the work values most
important to girls of this grade level are Way of Life and Altruism.
Values least emphasized are Management and Esthetics.
2. Some further education or training beyond high school is
the wish of about two-thirds of the girls though the expectation of a
slightly smaller percentage. Approximately three-fourths want to
delay marriage a year or two after high school graduation in order
to obtain such education or in order to be gainfully employed for this
time. A slightly greater percentage expect to delay marriage for
these reasons. Slightly over 90 percent wish to marry and plan to
do so. All but about seven percent want and expect to have children,
about half of the group desiring two children and anticipating that
they will bear this number.
In regard to future work outside of the home, almost 50 percent
want to enter occupations in the professional-technical category and
slightly over one-third anticipate that they will. The occupations of
teacher and nurse account for about 20 percent of all desired occupations
and only a slightly smaller percentage of those the girls expect
to enter. Secretary is the single occupational title most often
mentioned among either aspirations or expectations. Over 95 percent
of the girls both want and expect to work outside of the home in the
future, about 40 percent wishing to integrate such work with marriage
and child-rearing responsibilities in a discontinuous work pattern
and about an equal percentage planning to do so.
3. Results of analysis of variance indicate that scores for
individual work values differ significantly (p < . 05) among girls
who differ in regard to achievement-test scores, the fathers' current
employment or unemployment, socioeconomic levels of the fathers'
occupations; and either aspirations or expectations regarding future
education, time of marriage, child-bearing, work outside of the
home, and the integration of marriage and career roles.
Individual work-value scores do not differ significantly among
girls who differ in regard to age, IQ scores, mothers' employment
or unemployment, or socioeconomic levels of the mothers' occupations.
4. Despite significant differences in the scores of individual
work values among sub-groups examined, the calculation of Kendall's
Coefficient of Concordance (W) revealed a high degree of overall
consistency (p < .01) in the work-value hierarchies of girls who
differ in regard to age, intelligence or scholastic achievement,
parents' employment and the socioeconomic levels of their occupations,
and any aspirations or expectations considered. Values ranked
as most important or least important by girls of the total sample
remain so for those within most sub-groups.
5. Also reported are any relationship of the girls' aspirations
and expectations to their age, intelligence or scholastic achievement,
parents' current employment and socioeconomic levels of the parents'