Estimates of genetic variability resulting from single, top, and double cross populations in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/rr1721503

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  • The success of a plant breeding program depends upon the availability of useable genetic diversity. Such diversity may be enhanced depending on the type of hybridization strategy employed. Segregating progenies resulting from F2 populations, a double cross, and a top cross were compared for the amount of useable genetic diversity associated with six traits in durum wheat. The parental lines were three winter selections, H7092-11, H7092-52, and WD5, and two spring cultivars, WPB 881 and Altar 84. Traits evaluated were (1) plant height, (2) days to maturity, (3) harvest index, (4) kernel weight, (5) grain yield, and (6) pigment content. Analysis of the population mean values suggested the superiority of the F1 top cross for plant height, kernel weight, and grain yield. The F1 top cross progeny also had the highest genetic variability for grain yield. F2 population of the cross Altar 84 I H7092-52 gave the highest mean values for days to maturity and harvest index, and showed the highest genetic diversity for traits other than grain yield. The only population showing detectable genetic variance for pigment content was the F2 progeny of the single cross WPB 881 / H7092-11. When genetic diversity was detected, the double cross was approximately intermediate between the two F2 populations from which it was derived. Transgressive segregation was more frequent in the top cross population for grain yield, kernel weight, and plant height. No associations between grain yield and the other traits were noted for the F2 population of the single cross Altar 84 I H7092-52 and the top cross population. For the second F2 population (WPB 881 / H7092-11) and the double cross population, grain yield was found to be associated with harvest index and plant height. The only consistent relationship across all segregating generations was a negative correlation between plant height and harvest index. Based on the genetic diversity and the transgressive segregation observed, top crossing appears to be the more promising in improving grain yield in the experimental material investigated. For specific traits other than grain yield, it would appear that single crosses would be a more productive approach, however progress would depend on the specific parental combination. The double cross was inferior to the other crossing strategies for the traits measured.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-04-12T17:44:22Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 AbdennadherMourad1991.pdf: 3402925 bytes, checksum: 39559cfa65ee40fc9f6cb6e797b126e7 (MD5)
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