Effect of a direct-fed microbial on performance of single comb white leghorn chickens Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/rr172175z

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  • Six experiments were carried out with Single Comb White Leghorn laying chickens to assess the effect of feeding a source of direct-fed microbials (Lactobacillus; Lacto) and its carrier [condensed cane molasses solubles (CCMS)] on the retentions of fat, nitrogen and several minerals; on the status of the pH of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract; on the phytase activities in the Lacto and in the crop and in the intestinal contents and intestinal, pancreatic and liver tissues; on the histological and anatomical changes of the GI tract and on the production performance. Feeding 1,100 mg Lacto/kg diet (ppm) and 2,200 ppm Lacto in corn-soya bean meal (C-S) diets to layers stimulated appetite, improved egg production (in Experiment 1 only), egg mass, egg weight, egg size, internal egg quality and fat, nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus retentions (P < .05). Production performances were not different between the layers fed the 1,100 ppm diet and those fed the 2,200 ppm Lacto diet. Supplementing Lacto diets with 1 and 3% fat reduced feed consumption, provided better feed conversion, egg production, egg masses, egg size, body weight gains, and nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus retentions. Feeding 1,100 ppm Lacto barley-corn-soya bean (B-C-S) layer diets improved body weight gains and the retentions of fat, phosphorus and manganese and increased the rate of passage of digesta (P < .05). Feeding Lacto C-S and Lacto B-C-S layer diets increased cellularity of Peyer's patches in the ileums of the layers which may stimulate the mucosal immune system. No changes in length and weight of the intestine were observed. Daily feed consumption and body weight gains were improved when pullets were fed 1,100 ppm Lacto from 7 to 19 wk of age (WOA). When these pullets were continued on the Lacto feed during the laying period (20 to 59 WOA), increased feed consumption, egg size, nitrogen and calcium retentions, increased cellularity of Peyer's patches, decreased length and weight of intestine were observed (P < .05). Presence of phytase activity was higher in condensed cane molasses solubles (CCMS)- Lactobacillus premix than the carrier (CCMS). Feeding the CCMS-Lacto diets to layers decreased the pH of the GI tract, increased phytase activities in the GI tract and intestinal tissues and improved shell thickness and phosphorus retention (P < .05). The production performance of layers fed .45% and .25% available phosphorus (AP) diets were not different except for body weight gain. Phosphorus retention was better for layers fed diets containing .25% AP with CCMS-Lacto than the .45% AP control diet. According to these studies, feeding Lacto to pullets and layers improved their performance and the retention of nutrients such as calcium, phosphorus and nitrogen which subsequently reduced the cost of feeding.
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