A fast trajectory tracking adaptive controller for robot manipulators Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/rv042w71q

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  • An adaptive decentralized nonlinear controller for a robot manipulator is presented in this thesis. Based on the adaptive control schemes designed by Seraji [18], Dai [30], and Jimenez [31], we redesigned and further simplified the control algorithm and, as a consequence, we achieved better path tracking performance. The proposed adaptive controller is made of a PD feedback controller which has time varying gains, a feedforward compensator based on the idea of inverse dynamics, and an auxiliary signal. Due to its adaptive structure, the controller shows robustness against disturbances and unmodeled dynamics. In order to ensure asymptotic tracking we select a Lyapunov function such that the controller forces the negative definiteness of the time derivative of such a Lyapunov function. To do this, the tracking position and velocity error are penalized and used as a part of the adaptive control gain. The main advantages of this scheme are the comparably faster convergence of tracking error, relatively simpler structure, and smoother control activity. This controller only requires the position and angular speed measurement, it does not require any knowledge about the mathematical model of the robot manipulator. Simulation shows the capacity of this controller and its robustness against disturbances.
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