A study of a counseling practicum in facilitating the self-actualizing process Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/rv042x47v

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  • The problem of this study was to determine whether graduate students in education (the experimentals) participating in a counseling practicum would demonstrate a change in self-actualization which would be significantly different when compared with other graduate students in education (the comparisons) who were not participating in the above program. The investigation was designed to test the following null hypotheses: 1. There will be no significant differences in mean post-test scores between the experimental group and the comparison group as measured by the Personal Orientation Inventory. 2. There will be no significant differences in mean growth toward self-actualization between the experimental group and the comparison group as measured by the Personal Orientation Inventory. 3. There will be no significant differences in mean growth toward self-actualization in the experimental group as measured by the Personal Orientation Inventory. 4. There will be no significant differences in mean growth toward self-actualization in the comparison group as measured by the Personal Orientation Inventory. The sample consisted of 44 graduate education candidates enrolled in graduate education courses at Oregon State University, during the fall term of the 1972 school year. The experimental group (Group I) was comprised of 21 graduate students enrolled in the counseling practicum. The course provided supervised experience which included the following: working with a variety of counselees; weekly critique sessions for the purpose of evaluating video tapes of the counseling sessions; participation in weekly interpersonal-relations groups and weekly counseling by a doctoral candidate. The comparison group (Group II) was comprised of graduate students who had not taken the practicum and were in Research Procedures, a required course for all graduate students in education. The Personal Orientation Inventory was the instrument utilized for the measurement of growth toward self-actualization. The instrument was administered, under pre and post-test conditions, to both groups during the fall quarter. The I (Inner-directed) scale of the Personal Orientation Inventory was utilized as the measure of self-actualization for the testing of the statistical hypotheses. Hypothesis I was tested by an analysis of covariance in a one way classification design with pre-test mean scores, age, sex and, sex and age serving as covariates. Hypothesis II was also tested by an analysis of covariance in a one way classification design on pre-test and post-test mean scores with sample, age, sex, and sex and age serving as covariates. An analysis of variance in a two way classification design was used in analyzing hypotheses III and IV. The .05 level of significance was selected as the acceptable level of statistical significance. The results of analysis did yield a significant difference at the .05 level for hypotheses I and II in favor of the experimental group (Group I), those participating in the counselor practicum. In other words, the experimental group was shown to be significantly more selfactualized on the pre-test and post-test mean scores and also showed a more significant mean growth toward self-actualization than the comparison group (Group II). The results of analysis did not yield a significant difference at the .05 level for hypotheses II/and IV. This is to say that there was no significant difference in mean growth toward selfactualization between pre-test and post-test mean scores of the sample and the comparison group (Group II). The comparison group showed nonsignificant negative mean growth toward self-actualization. In essence, the results of this investigation support the discriminatory power of the Personal Orientation Inventory and the position that a counseling practicum does have a significant impact on the personal development of participants.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-05-07T17:40:13Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 PhillipsJohnMacKenzie1973.pdf: 1243958 bytes, checksum: 3055bccff7bd30d534c76a2fbe66319b (MD5)
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