Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation


Identifying the Enzymes Responsible for Reduction of Doxorubicin to its Cardiotoxic Metabolite Doxorubicinol using a Novel Immunoclearing Approach Public Deposited

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  • Doxorubicin is a widely used cancer therapeutic, but its effectiveness is limited by cardiotoxic side effects. Evidence suggests cardiotoxicity is due not to doxorubicin, but rather its metabolite, doxorubicinol. Identification of the enzymes responsible for doxorubicinol formation is important in developing strategies to prevent cardiotoxicity. In this study, the contributions of three murine candidate enzymes to doxorubicinol formation were evaluated: carbonyl reductase 1 (Cbr1), carbonyl reductase 3 (Cbr3), and thioredoxin reductase 1 (Tr1). Analyses with purified proteins revealed that all three enzymes catalyzed doxorubicin-dependent NADPH oxidation, but only Cbr1 and Cbr3 catalyzed doxorubicinol formation. Doxorubicin-dependent NADPH oxidation by Tr1 was likely due to redox cycling. Subcellular fractionation results showed that doxorubicin-dependent redox cycling activity was primarily microsomal, whereas doxorubicinol-forming activity was exclusively cytosolic, as were all three enzymes. An immunoclearing approach was used to assess the contributions of the three enzymes to doxorubicinol formation in the complex milieu of the cytosol. Immunoclearing Cbr1 eliminated 25% of the total doxorubicinol-forming activity in cytosol, but immunoclearing Cbr3 had no effect, even in Tr1 null livers that overexpressed Cbr3. The immunoclearing results constituted strong evidence that Cbr1 contributed to doxorubicinol formation in mouse liver, but that enzymes other than Cbr1 also played a role, a conclusion supported by ammonium sulfate fractionation results which showed that doxorubicinol-forming activity was found in fractions that contained little Cbr1. In conclusion, the results show that Cbr1 accounts for 25% of the doxorubicinol-forming activity in mouse liver cytosol but that the majority of the doxorubicinol-forming activity remains unidentified.
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  • Ongoing Research
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  • 2019-06-27 to 2020-07-28



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