Nonlinear control applied to power systems Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/s1784n91r

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  • When large disturbances occur in interconnected power systems, there exists the danger that the power system states may leave an associated region of stability, if timely corrective action is not taken. Open-loop remedial control actions such as field-forcing, line-tripping, switching of series-capacitors, energizing braking resistors, etc., are helpful in reducing the effects of the disturbance, but do not guarantee that the post-fault power system will be stabilized. Linear controllers are widely used in the power industry, and provide excellent damping when the power system state is close to the equilibrium. In general, they provide conservative regions of stability. This study focuses on the development of nonlinear controllers to enhance the stability of interconnected power systems following large disturbances, and allow stable operation at high power levels. There is currently interest in the power industry in using thyristor-controlled series-capacitors for the dual purpose of exercising tighter control on steady-state power flows and enhancing system stability. This device is used to implement the nonlinear controller in this dissertation. A mathematical model of the power system controlled by the thyristor-controlled series-capacitor is developed for the purpose of controller design. Discrete-time, nonlinear predictive controllers are derived by minimizing criterion functions that are quadratic in the output variables over a finite-horizon of interest, with respect to the control variables. The control policies developed in this manner are centralized in nature. The stabilizing effect of such controllers is discussed. A potential drawback is the need to have large prediction horizons to assure stability. In this context, a coordinated-control policy is proposed, in which the nonlinear predictive controller is designed with a small prediction horizon. For a class of disturbances, such nonlinear predictive controllers return the power system state to a small neighborhood of the post-fault equilibrium, where linear controllers provide asymptotic stabilization and rapid damping. Methods of coordinating the controllers are discussed. Simulation results are provided on a sample four-machine power system model. There exists considerable uncertainty in power system models due to constantly shifting loads and generations, line-switching following disturbances, etc. The performance of fixed-parameter controllers may not be good when the plant description changes considerably from the reference. In this context, a bilinear model-based self-tuning controller is proposed for the stabilization of power systems for a class of faults. A class of generic predictive controllers are presented for use with the self-tuning controller. Simulation results on single-machine and multimachine power systems are provided.
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