|Abstract or Summary
- The purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate the jobrelated
expenditures of married clerical workers. Also examined
were the economic contribution married clerical workers made to
the total family income and their reasons for working.
The sample was taken from the 1973-74 Staff Directory at Oregon
State University. Only those employed in a clerical position who indicated
they were married were included in the sample. Of the 425
who were mailed a questionnaire, 212 or 50 percent of them were
received and were usable in the study.
The number of hours the married clerical workers were employed
per week ranged from 20 hours to 45 hours with 84 percent of the
sample working 35 or more hours weekly. The mean monthly and
yearly income for those in the sample were $471 and $5, 652 respectively.
The mean percentage of gross family income contributed by
the married clerical workers ranged from 10 percent to 94 percent
with a mean of 47 percent.
Of the 212 in the sample, 206 married clerical workers gave
sufficient information to compute their job-related expenditures.
Married clerical workers in the study reported 42.1 percent of their
gross monthly income was used for job-related expenditures. The
mean expenditures were $198.66 monthly and $2, 383.92 yearly.
Payroll deductions took 27.2 percent of the married clerical
workers' gross monthly income and other directly related expenses
took 2.2 percent. Expenses indirectly related to employment, such
as clothing, personal care, child care, meals eaten away from home,
and transportation, used 12.7 percent of their gross monthly income.
Expenses directly related to employment represented 70 percent of
all job-related expenditures.
The mean job-related expenditures of 124 of the 206 married
clerical workers who reported no chiLdren in the household were 38
percent of their gross monthly and yearly income. Their mean gross
monthly income was $478 and mean yearly income was $5, 736. Expenses
directly related to employment took 29.4 percent of their
gross monthly and yearly income while indirectly related expenses
used 8.6 percent of their gross income.
The mean percentage of job-related expenditures of the 42
married clerical workers who reported children in the household but no child care expense was 40.7 percent with a mean monthly
income of $459 and a mean yearly income of $5, 508. Payroll deductions
represented 28.3 percent of the job-related expenditures
while other directly related expenses took two percent of their gross
monthly and yearly income. Expenses indirectly related to employment
used 10.4 percent of their income.
For the 40 married clerical workers who reported children in
the household and child care expenses, their job-related expenses
used 52 percent of their gross monthly and yearly income. Their
mean monthly income was $498 and mean yearly income was $5, 976.
Payroll deductions took 25. 9 percent of gross monthly income and
other directly related expenses took 2. 9 percent. Expenses indirectly
related to employment used 23.2 percent of the married
clerical workers' income.
Reasons for working were also examined. Using a chi square
test, there was a significantly greater amount (at the . 01 level) of
full-time married clerical workers who indicated they worked to pay
for current living expenses and to help pay debts than those working
part time. There was also a significantly greater amount (at the . 05
level) of those who worked part time than those who worked full time
indicating they worked because they liked working better than fulltime