Job-related expenditures of married clerical workes at Oregon State University Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/s4655j85v

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  • The purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate the jobrelated expenditures of married clerical workers. Also examined were the economic contribution married clerical workers made to the total family income and their reasons for working. The sample was taken from the 1973-74 Staff Directory at Oregon State University. Only those employed in a clerical position who indicated they were married were included in the sample. Of the 425 who were mailed a questionnaire, 212 or 50 percent of them were received and were usable in the study. The number of hours the married clerical workers were employed per week ranged from 20 hours to 45 hours with 84 percent of the sample working 35 or more hours weekly. The mean monthly and yearly income for those in the sample were $471 and $5, 652 respectively. The mean percentage of gross family income contributed by the married clerical workers ranged from 10 percent to 94 percent with a mean of 47 percent. Of the 212 in the sample, 206 married clerical workers gave sufficient information to compute their job-related expenditures. Married clerical workers in the study reported 42.1 percent of their gross monthly income was used for job-related expenditures. The mean expenditures were $198.66 monthly and $2, 383.92 yearly. Payroll deductions took 27.2 percent of the married clerical workers' gross monthly income and other directly related expenses took 2.2 percent. Expenses indirectly related to employment, such as clothing, personal care, child care, meals eaten away from home, and transportation, used 12.7 percent of their gross monthly income. Expenses directly related to employment represented 70 percent of all job-related expenditures. The mean job-related expenditures of 124 of the 206 married clerical workers who reported no chiLdren in the household were 38 percent of their gross monthly and yearly income. Their mean gross monthly income was $478 and mean yearly income was $5, 736. Expenses directly related to employment took 29.4 percent of their gross monthly and yearly income while indirectly related expenses used 8.6 percent of their gross income. The mean percentage of job-related expenditures of the 42 married clerical workers who reported children in the household but no child care expense was 40.7 percent with a mean monthly income of $459 and a mean yearly income of $5, 508. Payroll deductions represented 28.3 percent of the job-related expenditures while other directly related expenses took two percent of their gross monthly and yearly income. Expenses indirectly related to employment used 10.4 percent of their income. For the 40 married clerical workers who reported children in the household and child care expenses, their job-related expenses used 52 percent of their gross monthly and yearly income. Their mean monthly income was $498 and mean yearly income was $5, 976. Payroll deductions took 25. 9 percent of gross monthly income and other directly related expenses took 2. 9 percent. Expenses indirectly related to employment used 23.2 percent of the married clerical workers' income. Reasons for working were also examined. Using a chi square test, there was a significantly greater amount (at the . 01 level) of full-time married clerical workers who indicated they worked to pay for current living expenses and to help pay debts than those working part time. There was also a significantly greater amount (at the . 05 level) of those who worked part time than those who worked full time indicating they worked because they liked working better than fulltime homemaking.
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