Feasibility of Lorentz mixing to enhance combustion in supersonic diffusion flames Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/s7526g15m

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  • The purpose of this research was to determine if it is feasible to apply Lorentz mixing to supersonic diffusion flames, such as those found in SCRAMjet engines. The combustion rate in supersonic diffusion flames is limited by the rate at which air and fuel mix. Lorentz mixing increases turbulence within a flow, which increases the rate at which species mix and thus increases the rate of combustion. In order to determine the feasibility of Lorentz mixing for this application, a two-dimensional model of supersonic reacting flow with the application of a Lorentz force has been examined numerically. The flow model includes the complete Navier-Stokes equations, the ideal gas law, and terms to account for diffusion of chemical species, heat release due to chemical reaction, change in species density due to chemical reaction, and the Lorentz forces applied during Lorentz mixing. In addition, the Baldwin-Lomax turbulence model is used to approximate turbulent transport properties. A FORTRAN program using the MacCormack method, a commonly used computational fluid dynamics algorithm, was used to solve the governing equations. The accuracy of the program was verified by using the program to model flows with known solutions. Results were obtained for flows with Lorentz forces applied over a series of power levels and frequencies. The results show significant increases in the rate of combustion when Lorentz mixing is applied. The amount of power required to drive Lorentz mixing is small relative to the rate at which energy is released in the chemical reaction. An optimum frequency at which to apply Lorentz mixing was also found for the flow being considered. The results of the current study show that Lorentz mixing looks promising for increasing combustion rates in supersonic reacting flows, and that future study is warranted. In particular, researchers attempting to improve combustion in SCRAMjet engines may want to consider Lorentz mixing as a way to improve combustion.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-10-08T18:03:49Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 NahorniakMatthewT1997.pdf: 4418808 bytes, checksum: 5a51d121892c299d9faf33cd00a97a29 (MD5)
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