The effect of previewing words on timed writings Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/sb397c23t

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  • The purpose of this study was to supply information that would help improve typing courses by identifying successful skillbuilding practices and to provide students with a means of increasing speed and/or accuracy during timed writings. More specifically, the purpose of this study was to answer the question: Does the previewing of words have any effect on the speed and/or accuracy scores of typing students? Procedures The participants in this research included 178 students enrolled in 9 Typing 1 classes at West Albany High School, Albany, Oregon. An experimental "group of 95 students and a control group of 83 students were formed. Students in the experimental group were given preview words to practice prior to taking a three-minute timing on the paragraph containing the preNiiew words. Students in the control group were given timings on the same paragraph with no preview. Speed and accuracy scores were recorded for all students participating in the study. Two null hypotheses were developed regarding the effect of previewing on three-minute timed writings. The t-test was used to test these null hypotheses. Findings It was established that if the t-scores of the pretests, timings, and posttests were greater than 1.975, the null hypotheses of this research were rejected. The results of all calculations showed that none of the pretest, timing, or posttest t-values exceeded 1.975. Because there was no statistically significant difference between the t-scores of the experimental and control groups, the null hypotheses of the research were accepted. Conclusions 1. Research in the area of typing can include the use of intact class groups can produce valid findings without involving incompatibility or bias. 2. The previewing of words from a particular paragraph immediately prior to taking a timed writing on the same paragraph is unlikely to cause any change in the speed or accuracy score of that timing. 3. It is doubtful that' previewing -as done in this study--will help students increase speed and/or accuracy on timed writing scores. Recommendations 1. Research projects should be initiated to study the effects previewing may have on students who have been psychologically conditioned to believe that this type of drill will increase speed and/or accuracy on a timed writing. 2. This study should be duplicated but altered to include one or all of the following: (a) allow students to individually choose their own preview words; (b) include a system which would check the errors made during the preview drill; (3) include an examination of the relationship that exists between the preview words, test timing words, errors of the preview drill, and errors of the test timing. 3. Future studies should address the comparison of previewing versus postviewing. 4. Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that previewing not be used extensively in the typing classroom until further research yields a level of significant difference that validates it as an effective method of instruction.
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  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using Capture Perfect 3.0.82 on a Canon DR-9080C in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
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