The impact of wood variability on the drying rate at different moisture content levels Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/sn00b1329

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  • Variability in wood properties causes boards within a stack of lumber to dry at different rates and reach different moisture content levels after drying is completed. The consequence is that the boards will have properties that differ from ones that were intended to be achieved by the drying process. The impact of basic density, initial moisture content, percentage of heartwood, position of heartwood within a board, ring count, distance from the pith, growth ring angle, chemical composition of wood volatile compounds, earlywood and latewood coverage of board faces on the drying behavior was investigated for western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) lumber. Board weights were monitored during drying at 80°C and 115°C to obtain the drying rate. Mathematical relations for the effect of wood properties and board geometric features related to the position within its parental log were developed to predict the drying rate at four moisture content levels. These relations were used for predicting the drying times of individual boards which were used as a criterion for sorting green boards prior to drying. Basic density, initial moisture content, heartwood percentage, and growth ring angle were found to affect drying rate at 80°C and initial moisture content only at 115°C. The calculated final moisture content distributions for nonpresorted and presorted boards using the results from low temperature drying indicated that presorting reduced the standard deviation of the final moisture content distribution by 65%. The composition of head space volatiles appeared to be predictive of the final moisture reached by boards and with further development might be useful for presorting.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Laura Wilson(laura.wilson@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-08-17T15:43:44Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 The Impact of Wood Variability on the Drying Rate at Different Moisture Content Levels.pdf: 7058342 bytes, checksum: 5851edb6b319ade162eaebe8d7388fc2 (MD5)

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