The activity and growth of a chlorophenol reductively dechlorinating soil culture in the presence of exogenous hydrogen Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/st74cs75f

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  • The addition of exogenously supplied hydrogen stimulates PCP reductive dechlorination and increases bacterial growth. While research focuses mainly on pure cultures, few exist capable of aryl reductive dechlorination, and few markers exist to identify reductively dechlorinating bacteria within mixed cultures. Furthermore, most active bioremediation projects stimulate mixed cultures of native biota. This work describes a method to estimate reductively dechlorinating bacterial growth within a mixed soil culture under controlled environmental conditions. The experiments discussed in this paper were performed in a fed-batch reactor. The reactor was operated in a way to maintain environmental conditions such as pH, E[subscript H], headspace concentration, and temperature constant while substrate is allowed to degrade without the corruption of additional changes. Substrate utilization and cell growth were examined under an array of environmental conditions. This dissertation examined the correlation between hydrogen concentration and the growth rate of reductively dechlorinating bacteria. Under low hydrogen partial pressures, between 9.4 x 10⁻⁵ and 2.9 x 10⁻⁴ atm, the growth rate of reductively dechlorinating bacteria increased as predicted by dual Monod kinetics with respect to hydrogen and chlorophenol concentration; however, studies showed that the relationship was more complex. At higher concentrations of hydrogen, the observed growth rate of reductively dechlorinating bacteria declined. A dual Monod kinetics model with hydrogen substrate inhibition approximates experimental data. Reductive dechlorination of 2,3,4,5-tetrachlorophenol and 3,4,5-trichlorophenol were also studied. Pentachlorophenol reductive dechlorination primarily produces 3,4,5-trichlorophenol via 2,3,4,5-tetrachlorophenol. The reductive dechlorination of 2,3,4,5-tetrachlorophenol parallels that of pentachlorophenol, and the estimated growth rates based on pentachlorophenol and 2,3,4,5-tetrachlorophenol are very similar. Reductive dechlorination of 3,4,5-trichlorophenol was catalyzed by the PCP reductively dechlorinating bacterial culture after a lag period. 3,4,5-Trichlorophenol was not maintained for extended periods, and multiple additions of 3,4,5-trichlorophenol did not result in measurable growth.
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