Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Nonthermal Plasma Microreaction Engineering for Gas and Liquid Processing Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/st74ct88q

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract
  • Atmospheric pressure plasma is non-thermal at millimeter to micrometer separations. It represents an alternative low exergy initiator of many chemical reactions. In many instances heat, light or sound are not efficient providers of the necessary energy to overcome chemical activation barriers. The focus of this research is applying dc nonthermal plasma for gas and liquid chemical processing. The sub-millimeter dimensions offered by microtechnology are utilized to activate the majority of the gas or liquid stream. This enhances conversion, product yield and process efficiency. The first reported sustained dc emission from arrays of micro-emitter electrodes is contained within this thesis. This is the first formation of constant dc microcorona fields at atmospheric pressure in air and hydrocarbon gases. Methane is chemically converted in several microchannel devices to higher value products. A discovery that may lead to improved recoverability of stranded natural gas in our current energy cycle. Methane conversion to either C₂ or C₃ hydrocarbons of up to 80% with high selectivity are demonstrated. A finite element chemical engineering mathematical model for the hydrocarbon coupling reaction is developed. Plasma microreactors can also dry reform methane to synthesis gas. The feasibility of microplasma carbon dioxide dry reforming in a microreactor with a dc sustaining voltage under 1kV has been demonstrated. More than 60% conversion is achieved in the unoptimized reactor with nearly complete selectivity to synthesis gas. A plasma microchannel device can completely degrade representative trace toxic organic contaminants in a single pass. Rhodamine B is a colorimetric dye used as an example organic compound. A G[subscript 50%] factor, which represents the energy required to remove half of the starting contaminant, is tabulated for both a batch reactor and microchannel device. The plasma electrochemical activation of advanced oxidation chemistry converts from E-6 to E-11 moles per joule of input energy.
License
Resource Type
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2016-01-07T21:24:50Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 PommerenckJustin2015.pdf: 6018696 bytes, checksum: 4ec7f300853f0b9cbf2d3c828dee8031 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-11-24
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Laura Wilson(laura.wilson@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-01-07T21:24:50Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 PommerenckJustin2015.pdf: 6018696 bytes, checksum: 4ec7f300853f0b9cbf2d3c828dee8031 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-01-07T17:03:48Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 PommerenckJustin2015.pdf: 6018696 bytes, checksum: 4ec7f300853f0b9cbf2d3c828dee8031 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Justin Pommerenck (pommerej@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-01-04T18:48:27Z No. of bitstreams: 1 PommerenckJustin2015.pdf: 6018696 bytes, checksum: 4ec7f300853f0b9cbf2d3c828dee8031 (MD5)
Embargo date range
  • 2017-08-17 to 2018-02-13

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

In Collection:

Items