Measurement of and correlation between attitudes toward physical education and health-related physical fitness among male students at two Saudi-Arabian universities Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/sx61dq40s

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  • Two hundred twenty male students randomly selected during Spring semester 1988 from each of two Saudi Arabian universities, King Faisal and King Fand, were administered a three-part attitude measurement instrument and a fourpart Health-Related Physical Fitness Test. The attitude measurement instrument, derived from the McDonald Attitude Inventory and the Wear Inventory as modified by Ridha (1983), contained 70 statements. Subjects responded on a five-point scale ranging from Strongly Agree to Strongly Disagree. The Health-Related Physical Fitness Test, developed by the American Alliance for Health, consisted of 12-minute run, skinfold measurement, sit-up, and sit and reach tests. A total of 316 students completed both tests. Values were assigned to responses on the attitude measurement instrument according to the Likert technique. These results, along with Health-Related Physical Fitness Test scores, were statistically analyzed by multiple regression, t-test, MANOVA, and the Spearman-Brown formula. Findings showed a positive correlation between attitude toward physical education and scores on the Health-Related Physical Fitness Test. No significant difference in attitude toward physical education was found between students at the two universities, but King Fand students scored significantly better than King Faisal students on the Health-Related Physical Fitness Test. Between freshman and sophomore students, a significant difference in attitude toward physical education was found at King Faisal University but not at King Fand University. No significant difference was found in attitude toward physical education between sophomore students at King Fand University tested in Ridha's 1983 study and those tested in the present study. Comparison of Health-Related Physical Fitness Test results to American college student norms showed that American students scored better in distance in 9 minutes run, sit-ups, and skinfold measurement, while the Saudi students scored better in the sit and reach test.
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