The effect of a calcium channel blocker on exercise induced muscle damage and hemodynamic parameters in young, healthy adults Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/t148fk650

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  • Calcium channel blockers (CCB) was studied extensively in cardiology for their tissue protective effect following myocardial infarction; we hypothesized that administration of a CCB would interfere with the processes that result in exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) and delayed onset muscle soreness. To investigate the effects of a CCB on a development and recovery from EIMD, we used a double blind, placebo controlled protocol to administer CARDIZEM CD, 240 mg/day, for 6 days to 30 college age males and females. To induce EIMD, subjects performed 4 sets of 10 repetitions of squat, leg press, leg extension, and leg curl. We observed no treatment related difference in CPK or DOMS levels. Overall, peak quadriceps force (PQF) were not different between the Placebo and Diltiazem groups, but PQF was significantly greater in the Diltiazem groups immediately after the weight lifting bout. Average quadriceps force (AQF) values decreased in both groups following the exercise bout; however, no difference existed between the groups (p>.05). The Diltiazem group PQF and AQF values returned to the pre-exercise levels 24 hours earlier than did the Placebo group. Neutrophils decreased by 21% in the Diltiazem group compare with a 1.4% increase in the Placebo group, due to large variability in the neutrophil count at the baseline, this difference was not significant. Lymphocytes were not affected by CCB treatment. Administration of diltiazem did not interfere with the development of EIMD as measured by CPK release and the DOMS scores. Diltiazem appeared to affect quadriceps force generation immediately following the weight lifting bout and to speed the recovery of muscle force to pre-exercise level in our sample of college age adults. Heart rate was significantly lower in the Diltiazem group after the administration. There was no difference in either systolic or diastolic blood pressure after the administration between the Diltiazem and Placebo groups. The incidence of side effects was very low and similar in both groups. The administration of this dose and preparation of diltiazem does not change heart rate or blood pressure in a clinically significant fashion, and was well tolerated in our sample of college age adults.
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