The effect of glucose and fructose ingestions on vitamin B-6 and fuel metabolism during prolonged, continuous exercise in trained males Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/t722hd00v

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  • The study was designed to indirectly understand muscle glycogen utilization during prolonged exercise when either glucose, fructose, or water is ingested. Eight trained adult males exercised on a cycle ergometer at 58±7% of V02 max for 2 h on 2-4 occasions. At 0 minutes of exercise and at 30-minute intervals throughout the exercise, the subjects ingested 200mL of fluid containing either glucose, fructose, or plain water in a double-blind, randomized fashion. The carbohydrate (CHO) fluid concentration was based on each subject's body weight (BW): Ig CHO X kg⁻¹ BW X L⁻¹ water and ranged from 5.8-9.2% (average=7.5%) of BW. Blood samples were collected from subjects at rest and immediately prior to fluid ingestion during exercise and analyzed for hematocrit, hemoglobin, and plasma levels of glucose, lactate, and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP). ANOVA showed no significant difference among treatments at any time of exercise for mean plasma lactate and PLP levels (p > 0.05). Although not significant, mean plasma lactate and PLP concentrations tended to be lower when glucose was consumed as compared to fructose and water. The mean plasma glucose level, however, uas significantly different among treatments at specific time points of exercise (p < 0.05). During exercise, mean plasma glucose decreased, and there was a higher plasma glucose level when glucose and fructose fluids were ingested as compared to water. At 60 minutes of exercise, this difference uas evident for both glucose and fructose ingestion (p < 0.05). At 90 and 120 minutes of exercise, fructose ingestion produced a significantly higher mean plasma glucose level than either water or glucose ingestion (p < 0.05). It is hypothesized that the higher plasma glucose levels provided a greater blood glucose supply to working muscles, thereby sparing muscle glycogen stores. The findings indicate that for the long-term exerciser, consumption of a 5.8-9.2% fructose solution may promote less muscle glycogen utilization than either glucose or water, thereby possibly increasing endurance.
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