A comparative study of selected characteristics of junior and senior male university students residing in fraternities and residence halls at Oregon State University Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/t722hd62v

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  • The purpose of this research was to determine if significant differences existed in college performance and in selected areas of attitude and opinion between male upperclassmen residing in fraternities and non-fraternity male upperclassmen living in residence halls. Two samples consisting of (a) 86 upperclassmen from the residence halls and (b) 100 upperclassmen from the fraternities were selected. The data were gathered from the sample member's permanent files in the Office of the Dean of Men and from the administration of the College Student Questionnaire, Part II, to the samples. The results were subjected to statistical analysis to determine the validity of the following hypotheses: a) there is no significant difference in college grade point average for the freshman and sophomore years between those upperclassmen living in residence halls and those residing in fraternities when any differences in ability as indicated by high school grade point average and college aptitude test scores are taken into account; b) there is no significant difference on any one of the following areas, as measured by the College Student Quesionnaire, Part II, between those upperclassmen living in residence halls and those residing in fraternities: satisfaction with the faculty; satisfaction with the administration; satisfaction with major; satisfaction with students; study habits; extracurricular involvement; family independence; peer independence; liberalism; social conscience; and cultural sophistication. Findings indicated that there were statistically significant differences at the five percent level of confidence favoring the residence hall men in the areas of social conscience and satisfaction with major and at the one percent level of confidence in the area of peer independence. Significant differences favoring the fraternity upperclassmen were found in the area of extracurricular involvement at the one percent level of confidence. Analysis of other demographic data obtained from the College Student Questionnaire indicated two areas that were significantly different: (1) a significantly greater number of fraternity men were going steady, pinned or engaged; and (2) a significantly greater number of residence hall men utilized parents, jobs and loans as their main source of financial support while a greater number of fraternity men utilized scholarships, trust funds and savings.
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