Regional archaeological model of the Luckiamute Band settlement patterns Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/t722hf19s

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  • Human settlement patterns are the ways in which people locate themselves over the terrain in their area of occupation. Settlement pattern prediction attempts to define and understand the factors in culture, technology, and environment that shape the spatial distribution of habitation sites for a given group of people. A systematic approach to the assessment of a region's prehistoric archaeological resources was conducted in this study. The study area was classified according to the suitability of its terrain for aboriginal settlement, ethnographic and archaeology data were collected, and a reconstruction of the prehistoric environment was completed. Additional data from aerial remote sensors were gathered, as were the observations from ground reconnaissance. A collation and analysis of all available data was conducted, and a prediction of probable prehistoric settlement patterns was made based on polythetic settlement criteria. Of the numerous prehistoric sites located in this study, none was apparently detected by aerial remote sensors. Many unfavorable factors exist in the Willamette Valley for the detection of prehistoric hunter/gatherer sites. These factors include dense tree canopy and vegetation on uncleared land, extensive plowing of agricultural lands which yearly decreases soil traces of prehistoric settlements, and a predominance of clay soils which have been observed in previous aerial photographic applications, to be poor in their ability to reveal past soil disturbance. The systematic approach and settlement pattern criteria used in this study will be of value in the determination of prehistoric settlement patterns in the rest of the mid-Willamette Valley. Future studies of Kalapuya settlement patterns could be enhanced using this system. Protection and excavation of the prehistoric hunter/gatherer sites present in the study area is the desired product of this research.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-09-25T21:57:51Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 BellJamesW1981.pdf: 3020810 bytes, checksum: 994cab3dc96f4264960d65a1dfafee68 (MD5)

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