- This study was undertaken to examine the relationships which
exist between the work values and job satisfaction characteristics of
college student personnel workers in the states of Oregon, Idaho,
Montana and Washington. Work values are viewed as characteristics
desired on an ideal job and job satisfaction characteristics are those
factors being experienced on the present job.
Specifically, the study was designed 1) to survey the work values,
job satisfaction characteristics, and amounts of overall job
satisfaction among 150 college student personnel workers in the
Northwest, 2) to determine the effects of age (under 30 years, 30-40
years, and over 40 years), sex and years of experience (under 5,
5-10, and over 10 years on the present job) won the work values and
job satisfaction characteristics of the population, and 3) to determine the significance of the relationship between the work values of Independence,
Achievement and Way of Life on comparable job satisfaction
A random sample was selected from the Directory of the
Northwest College Personnel Association. One hundred and one, or
67. 3% of the population participated by completing a Biographical
Questionnaire, Super's Work Values Inventory (WVI) and the Minnesota
Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ).
Three hypotheses, stated in the null form, required a test of
the relationship between work values, job satisfaction characteristics
and overall job satisfaction, and the independent variables of age, sex
and years of experience. A three-way analysis of variance was computed
to test these hypotheses.
Three null hypotheses dealt with the relationship between the
work values of Achievement, Independence and Way of Life on comparable
job satisfaction characteristics. A multiple regression
analysis was computed to test these hypotheses.
As a result of the hypothesis testing, it was concluded that the
men in the population experienced greater amounts of Social Status
on their jobs than women. There were no significant differences in
job satisfaction characteristics based on age or years of experience.
Men in the sample placed a significantly greater weight on the work
value of Creativity than women, though Creativity was not a priority value in rank order for the majority of either group. Younger workers
(under 30) valued Surroundings to a significantly greater extent
than did older workers. No significant differences were found in the
amounts of overall job satisfaction based on age, sex or years of experience.
No significance was found in the relationship between the
work values of Independence and Achievement and the same job satis -
faction characteristics, among those highly satisfied on the job,
but a significant positive relationship of .048 was determined to
exist between Way of Life and Moral Values for those highly satisfied
in their work (overall job satisfaction at the 80th percentile).
Since the mean score for the population on overall job satisfaction,
a composite of the 20 characteristics measured by the MSQ,
was the 70th percentile it was concluded that the majority of college
student personnel workers in four Northwest states were generally
well satisfied in their present jobs.