Processing and functional diversity of plant microRNA Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/tm70mx48n

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • RNA interference pathways can involve amplification of secondary siRNAs by RNA-dependent RNA polymerases. In plants, RDR6-dependent secondary siRNAs, including transacting siRNAs (tasiRNAs), arise from transcripts targeted by some microRNAs (miRNAs). In the case of TAS3 tasiRNA formation, ARGONAUTE7 (AGO7)-miR390 complexes interact with primary transcripts at two sites, resulting in recruitment of RNA-DEPENDENT RNA POLYMERASE6 for dsRNA biosynthesis. An extensive screen for Arabidopsis mutants with specific defects in TAS3 tasiRNA biogenesis or function was done. This yielded ago7 mutants, dcl4 mutants, and two mutants that accumulated low levels of miR390. A direct genome sequencing-based approach to both map and rapidly identify one of the latter mutant alleles was developed. This revealed a G-to-A point mutation (mir390a-1) that was calculated to stabilize a relatively nonpaired region near the base of the MIR390a foldback, resulting in misprocessing of the miR390/miR390* duplex and subsequent reduced TAS3 tasiRNA levels. Directed substitutions, as well as analysis of variation at paralogous miR390-generating loci (MIR390a and MIR390b), indicated that base-pair properties and nucleotide identity within a region 4-6 bases below the miR390/miR390* duplex region contributed to the efficiency and accuracy of precursor processing. Arabidopsis thaliana secondary siRNAs from mRNA as well as TAS1/ TAS2 and TAS4 trans-acting siRNAs are shown to be triggered through initial targeting by a 22-nucleotide (nt) miRNA that associates with AGO1. In contrast to canonical 21-nt miRNAs, 22-nt miRNAs primarily arise from foldback precursors containing asymmetric bulges. Using artificial miRNA constructs, conversion of asymmetric foldbacks to symmetric foldbacks resulted in the production of 21-nt forms of miR173, miR472 and miR828. Both 21- and 22-nt forms associated with AGO1 and guided accurate slicer activity, but only 22-nt forms were competent to trigger RDR6-dependent siRNA production from target RNA. These data suggest that a region below the miR/miR* duplex contributes to both mature miRNA accumulation as well as precursor processing accuracy and that AGO1 functions differentially with 21- and 22-nt miRNAs to engage the RDR6-associated amplification apparatus.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Non-Academic Affiliation
Keyword
Rights Statement
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-04-11T22:15:46Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 CuperusJoshT2011.pdf: 17366858 bytes, checksum: 254948efaa5abc0b14889f03a485edae (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2011-04-14T17:52:36Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 CuperusJoshT2011.pdf: 17366858 bytes, checksum: 254948efaa5abc0b14889f03a485edae (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Joshua Cuperus (cuperusj@onid.orst.edu) on 2011-04-10T20:35:38Z No. of bitstreams: 1 CuperusJoshT2011.pdf: 17366858 bytes, checksum: 254948efaa5abc0b14889f03a485edae (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Laura Wilson(laura.wilson@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-04-14T17:52:36Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 CuperusJoshT2011.pdf: 17366858 bytes, checksum: 254948efaa5abc0b14889f03a485edae (MD5)

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Last modified

Downloadable Content

Download PDF

Items