The influence of aid awards on the educational decisions of applicants for freshmen year financial aid at Oregon State University Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/tm70mz47k

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  • Purpose This study was conducted to investigate the influence that awards of financial aid have on the educational decisions and academic achievement of applicants for freshman year financial aid at Oregon State University. The study was primarily concerned with the effectiveness of financial aid in assisting students to enroll and become established in college. Thus, students were followed only to the point where they returned or failed to return for the sophomore year. Design The design of the study was twofold. First, the 2801 applicants for freshman year financial aid at OSU for the 1969-1970 and 1970-1971 academic years were classified as Aid Recipients (N=1354) and Non-Recipients (N=1447), and were compared with a systematic sample of Non-Applicants (N=742) in terms of 1) matriculation rates, 2) withdrawal rates, 3) suspension rates, 4) freshman year GPA, 5) number of credit hours completed, and 6) return rates for the sophomore year. For the second part of the study, the Aid Recipient group was sub-grouped according to the type and amount of aid awarded and these sub-groups were compared in terms of the six variables above. Data for each of the years under study were analyzed separately to permit comparisons between years. By controlling the variables of sex, age and scholastic aptitude and achievement, conclusions regarding the effects of aid awards were drawn. Scholastic aptitude and achievement were controlled in the study by using multiple regression equations which were generated to predict freshman year GPA's for each student. The resulting predicted GPA was used as a covariate in testing the hypotheses concerned with academic achievement. Several statistical models were employed to test the hypotheses regarding differences among the groups studied. Aid Recipients, Non-Recipients and Non-Applicants were compared using chi-square analysis and analysis of variance. Multi-variate discriminant analysis and least-squares analysis of covariance were conducted to compare Aid Recipients who were classified by the type and amount of aid awarded. Conclusions When the students who applied for financial aid were grouped into the categories of Aid Recipients and Non-Recipients, and compared to a sample of Non-Applicants, the following conclusions were drawn: 1. Awards of aid are effective in increasing the matriculation rates of applicants for freshman year financial aid at Oregon State University. 2. Aid Applicants have higher predicted GPA's and have higher levels of academic achievement at OSU during the freshman year than do Non-Applicants. 3. Awards of aid do not affect the withdrawal rates, suspension rates, freshman year GPA, number of credit hours completed, or return rates for the sophomore year of applicants for freshman year financial aid. When the students in the Aid Recipient category were subgrouped according to the type and amount of aid awarded, and these sub-groups were compared, the following conclusions were drawn: 4. The type of aid awarded to Aid Recipients does not affect their matriculation rates, withdrawal rates, suspension rates, freshman year GPA, number of credit hours completed, or return rates for the sophomore year. 5. The amount of aid awarded to Aid Recipients does not affect their matriculation rates, withdrawal rates, suspension rates, freshman year GPA, number of credit hours completed, or return rates for the sophomore year.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Madison Medley (mmscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2014-01-06T20:35:41Z No. of bitstreams: 1 FieldsCharlesR1973.pdf: 690309 bytes, checksum: 3c5a7b6bdb63c96c614ba5749ddcaa64 (MD5)
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