The effect of photoperiod and temperature on ovarian development and fat production in Culex peus Speiser (Diptera:Culicidae) Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/v118rg95c

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  • The effect of photoperiod and temperature on ovarian follicle development and fat production was studied in a colonized population of CuZex peus Speiser from Philomath, Oregon. Females were subjected to simulated fall conditions of photoperiod and temperature. Under a combination of short photoperiod and low temperature, there were various effects on their physiological activities such as the retardation of follicular development, a reduction in the blood-feeding rate and the occurrence of hypertrophic fat. In the laboratory, conditions of a short day length photoperiod (8hL:16hD) and cool temperatures (15°C) to which females were subjected from the pupal stage to eight days after emergence influenced the development of follicles, and resulted in the ovaries remaining in a diapause condition. Under conditions of 16 hour photophases and 25°C, females showed an increase in follicle size over time. Females exhibited a marked reduction of blood-feeding activity in response to a combination of short photophases (8 hours) and cool temperatures (15°C). Blood-fed females held under simulated fall conditions developed a considerable amount of fat reserve while non-blood-fed females, maintained under the same conditions, and females taking a bloodmeal at warmer temperatures had significantly less fat. It was concluded that daylength is an important factor controlling the follicular development of females of C. peus. Pupae and adults were exposed to combinations of 12 photoperiods (photophases of 9.5, 10, 10.5, 11, 11.5, 12, 12.5, 13, 13.5, 14, 14.5 and 15 hours) and a temperature of 18°C. Follicle size gradually increased as photophase was lengthened. At photophases between 9.5 and 12.5 hours the follicles remained small and the sharp increase was seen at photophases of 13 hours or more. Experimental study showed that less than 13 hours of light per day stimulated the entire population to enter ovarian diapause. Field collections of larvae made in 1981 showed that adult activity decreased in September. With the retardation of follicle development, suppression of bloodfeeding drive and formation of hypertrophic fat in response to simulated fall conditions, it was concluded that the northern population of C. peus undergoes ovarian diapause each fall as inseminated adult females.
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  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 256 Grayscale, 24-bit Color) using Capture Perfect 3.0 on a Canon DR-9050C in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-08-15T17:00:33Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 SkultabSeeviga1983ColorGS.pdf: 4384705 bytes, checksum: b572241a5beb26cd87369b22ea73c8c2 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-08-14T20:37:38Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 SkultabSeeviga1983ColorGS.pdf: 4384705 bytes, checksum: b572241a5beb26cd87369b22ea73c8c2 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-08-15T17:00:33Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 SkultabSeeviga1983ColorGS.pdf: 4384705 bytes, checksum: b572241a5beb26cd87369b22ea73c8c2 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1983-03-16
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