Dynamic behavior of silty soils Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/v118rh11j

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  • The cyclic resistance of predominantly fine-grained soils has received considerable attention following ground and foundation failures at sites underlain by silt-rich soils during recent earthquakes. In several cases substantial ground deformation and reduced bearing capacity of silt soils has been attributed to excess pore pressure generation during cyclic loading. These field case studies are significant due to the occurrence of liquefaction related phenomena in soils that would be characterized as not susceptible to liquefaction using current geotechnical screening criteria. The most widely used of these criteria, the "Chinese Criteria" and its derivatives, are based solely on soil composition and they are essentially diagnostic tools that categorize the soil in a binary fashion as either liquefiable or non-liquefiable. The most significant limitations of these screening tools are that they fail to account for the characteristics of the cyclic loading. This investigation was undertaken to elucidate the potential for strain development in silts during cyclic loading, and to develop a practice-oriented procedure for evaluating the seismic performance of silts as a function of material properties, in situ stresses, and the characteristics of the cyclic loading. This dissertation presents the results of a multi-faceted investigation of the potential for seismically induced pore pressures and large strain development in silt soils. The primary focus of the research was on the synthesis of laboratory testing results on fine grained soils. Laboratory data from cyclic tests performed at Oregon State University and other universities formed the basis for enhanced screening criteria for potentially liquefiable silts. This data was supplemented with field data from sites at which excess pore pressure generation, liquefaction, and/or ground failures were observed during recent earthquakes. This investigation specifically addressed the behavior of silts during loading in cyclic triaxial tests due to the relative abundance of data obtained for this test. The data was used in conjunction with standard geotechnical index tests to enhance an existing energy based procedure for estimating excess pore pressure generation in silts. This pore pressure model can be used with the uncoupled, stress-based methods for estimating the post-cyclic loading volumetric strain developed in this investigation. The energy-based excess pore pressure model and empirical volumetric strain relationship were used to calibrate for applications involving silt soils a nonlinear, effective stress model for dynamic soil response (SUMDES). The SUMDES model was employed, along with the equivalent linear total stress model SHAKE, to estimate excess pore pressures generated at un-instrumented field sites that have exhibited evidence of liquefaction during recent earthquakes. A comparison of the SUMDES and SHAKE results highlighted the limitations of the latter model for simulating dynamic soil response at various levels of shaking and pore pressure response. The results of the SUMDES modeling at several well documented case study sites are presented in this dissertation. These comparisons are valuable for demonstrating the uncertainties associated with modeling of the effective stress behavior of silt during seismic loading.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-05-04T16:49:08Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 SunitsakulJutha2005.pdf: 1683711 bytes, checksum: 0bbd455876d7d672dc6b668d38622129 (MD5)
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