Aboriginal fishing at Seal Rock (35-LC-14) and Neptune (35-LA-3) : late-prehistoric archaeological sites on the central Oregon coast Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/v118rj73r

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  • A sample of fish remains from two late-prehistoric archaeological sites on the central coast of Oregon were analyzed to partially evaluate two models of aboriginal subsistence-settlement systems. One model is based upon ethnograhpic data, primarily Drucker's (1939), for Yakonen speakers collected in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The second model, that of Ross and Snyder 1979, uses ethnographic and archaeological data from the entire Oregon coast to reconstruct a subsistence-settlement system during the last 3000 years. The study also examines the samples to determine their research potential and to recommend refinements in data collection methods for fish faunal remains. The fish species represented at the sites were determined by comparing the remains with a skeletal collection of common nearshore marine fishes of the region. The results were then interpreted within the framework of a descriptive model of marine habitats of the central Orogon coast. The results favor the composite model (Ross and Snyder 1979) and indicates that the ethnographic data may overstate the importance of river fishing of salmon and underestimate the economic contribution of purely marine resources during the late-prehistoric period. The ethnographic model, however, may be representative of the historic period. The study concludes with recommendations for research on changes in subsistence-settlement systems during the past several hundred years in the study area.
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