The effect of a summer program of orientation, effective study, and reading on persistence and grade point average of first year junior college students Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/v692t918x

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  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a pilot summer program of orientation, study skills and reading on the persistence and grade point average of first year junior college students. The pilot program was offered as a voluntary summer program between graduation from high school in the spring and entrance into junior college in the fall. For purposes of comparison, two control groups were established: a summer control group consisting of students who enrolled for the summer session but not in this program, and a fall control group who received no collegiate experience prior to college entrance the fall semester of 1966 -67. Four hypotheses were tested during and at the end of the year. These hypotheses stated in null form were: 1. There is no difference between the experimental group and either of the control groups in the proportion of students who withdrew from college during the stated intervals. 2. There is no difference between the experimental and either of the control groups in the number of units dropped during the stated intervals. 3. There is no difference between the experimental and either of the control groups in the number of program changes made during the stated interval. 4. There is no difference between the experimental and the two control groups of the grade point averages at the stated intervals. The chi-square test of homogeneity was used to test the first three hypotheses. The fourth hypothesis was subjected to an analysis of variance, single classification, technique. Analysis of the resultant data revealed that hypotheses one, two, and four failed to be rejected at the established five percent level of confidence. Only hypothesis number three was rejected in the comparison of the experimental and the fall control groups. The same hypothesis failed to be rejected when the summer control was compared with the experimental group. This hypothesis failed to be rejected in the comparison made between the two control groups. Four conclusions are suggested as a result of this study: 1. The summer program, as was constituted, is suspect as a means which will be significant in retaining students in college during their first year. 2. It cannot be concluded that the summer experience had a significant effect on the numbers of withdrawals made by students from courses during the 1966-67 academic year. 3. The results suggest that the summer experience was of value in assisting students to establish a program of studies for the fall semester, but of no greater value than enrolling in other types of courses during the summer session. 4. The grade point averages of participants in the pilot program were not significantly affected by having received the summer experience. Recommendations 1. The specific packaging of courses offered in the pilot program not be continued in its present form. 2. The nature of the total program be reviewed. 3. Similar studies be continued over several years to determine later effects of such programs. 4. Larger samples be used in study of redefined program.
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