A comparison of work values of emotionally disturbed adolescents and normal adolescents Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/vq27zt033

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  • The primary purpose of this study was to determine the work values of the emotionally disturbed adolescents and to compare these values with those indicated by adolescents of the same age level from a regular public school. A secondary objective was to compare the work values of the age levels, grade 7-9 with those of grade 10-12, within each group. The population sample consisted of 100 students. Fifty students from the Farm Home in Corvallis, Oregon, were identified as the emotionally disturbed adolescents. Fifty students from the Corvallis School District 509J were surveyed as normal adolescents for the study. Each group was subdivided into grade levels, 7-9 and 10-12, with 25 students in each level. The Ohio Work Values Inventroy was the instrument used for collecting the data. The teachers were instructed about the instrument prior to the day they administered it. All questionnaires were completed during the 45 minute class period and collected from all respondents. Means and variances were. computed for each work value scale and the data were analyzed to test three hypotheses: Hl there is no significant difference between the mean scores of emotionally disturbed adolescents and adolescents in a regular public school on the altruism scale and each of the other ten scales: H2 there is no significant difference between the mean scores of grades 7-9 and grade 10-12 on the altruism scale and each of the other ten scales: H3 there is no significant interaction effect between groups and grade levels. The F statistic was the basis for computing the analysis of variance. The critical significance level was set at CC= .05. Data indicated that emotionally disturbed adolescents surveyed for this study ranked the work values similar to adolescents from the regular public school. The values rated the highest were: Task Satisfaction, Self Realization, Money, and Security. Mean scores were significantly different for five (5) of the eleven constructs. Three H1 hypotheses for the constructs - Altruism, Object Orientation, Solitude - were rejected. One (1) H2 hypothesis was rejected for the construct, Independence. An interaction effect (H3) of critical significance was found for the value, Money. When the mean scores were analyzed the interaction was found to be disordinal. Emotionally disturbed adolescents valued money significantly more for grade level 7-9 than did the 10-12 grade level. The regular school adolescents valued money significantly more for grade level 10-12 than did the 7-9 grade level adolescents. It was recommended that similar studies be planned with emotionally disturbed adolescents to determine to what extent the findings of this study might be further tested. This research also suggested the need for a follow-up study concerning the value judgments of the emotionally disturbed. Further recommendation was made for a study which would reveal the effects of drugs upon the value system of adolescents and their retention of skills, both motoric and symbolic.
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